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Fangxing Design：Bijiashan Park in Shenzhen is located at the intersection of the city’s expressway traffic flow and urban ecological greenway, and is one of the important ecological green spaces in the city center. Established in 1989, it was officially opened to the public in October 1999. It is located in the northern part of the city center, adjacent to Futian Central Area, south of Sun Gang Road, west of Huang Gang Road, north of North Ring Road, covering an area of 149 hectares. It is embedded in the city center and connected to a large residential area.
现存问题 Existing problems：
The park now has three gates in the east, south and west, as well as three gate parking areas, which are now the main entrances to the park. The north side of the project is adjacent to Shenzhen’s main expressway and has long been neglected by walls and small roads, losing vitality and connection with the city.
▽项目区位 Project location
▽改造前场地原状 Renovation of the former site
The renovation design coincides with the start of campaign that Shenzhen is launching to remove walls from parks. As a traditional park, Bijiashan Park also faces the issue of integration with the city and how to open its boundaries. It not only assumes the role of a landscape for the north ring expressway, but also plays a vertical connection role for urban spaces, becoming a public landscape green space serving residents in the north. The renovation is designed to upgrade the overall north side appearance of Bijiashan park by removing walls project.
▽项目与周边环境的连接 The connection of the project to the surrounding environment
设计目标 Design Target：
Compared with newly built park, the surrounding environment of Bijiashan park is relatively complex. When the park is surrounded by walls, it is relatively independent, and when the walls are removed, the integration with the entire city area becomes particularly important. The project includes two entrances and exits to the park as well as the overall northern boundary of the park, which is a transition zone between the park and the external environment, serving as a dual function of guiding pedestrian flow and showcasing the park’s image. It also involves opening up the relationship between the isolated park boundary and the slow lane. In line with the theme of “Returning the Park to the City”, the park can become a more accessible urban rest area for citizens by opening up the park boundaries and blurring the boundary between the park and the city. This allows the green landscape of the park to beautify the overly noisy expressway space. Through a pedestrian overpass, citizens from large communities across the expressway can view and access the park easily. By creating a new public space for park entrances, we aim to reshape the urban image of the park and reflect the important role of natural park in the city on the basis of accessible facilities.
▽重新塑造的自然趣味公园 Recreated natural fun park
实际问题（设计难点）Practical problems (design challenges)：
For the project, there are several challenges to be taken into account, including slope safety issues after removing the walls, feasible use of grey and cluttered spaces, natural transition of urban and park connection spaces, and other aspects. With this narrow strip as the base of the project, the entrances and the undeveloped areas are considered as nodes. The parallel relationship between the park slope and the slow lane, the connection between the gate area image and the lake water system, the integration of the nursery and the rest space, and the combination of the park entrances and pedestrian overpasses with site conditions are fully considered. We also paid attention to the basic site issues such as landslides, plant coverage, and exposed urban water and electricity pipelines. Together with the park image, the team also designed the access route of the park entrance , dividing it into external and internal access routes. For the parts that need to be integrated with pedestrian overpasses, it is necessary to consider not only the landscape issues under the bridge, but also the connection between pedestrian flow lines such as barrier-free access and pedestrian overpasses.
▽设计分析 Design analysis
▽公园与市政道路的过渡与衔接 The transition and connection between parks and municipal roads
▽全园无障碍步道 Barrier-free walkway throughout the park
设计手法 Design technique：
At the beginning, the overall line was considered as a whole, attempting to integrate continuous landscape elements and horizontal parallel lines as composition methods. Following the visual habits on the side of the expressway, a continuous and unified visual perception was formed, creating an open and continuous boundary image. At the vehicular viewpoint, the spatial characteristics of each region were emphasized to form an urban visual memory that replaced the previously continuous and closed park walls. At the node connection space, a continuous and winding path was combined with the existing trees on site to form a gradually deeper circulation route. Black rock landscape design bends with traditional park landscape structure. Setting up a boardwalk-style path enhances the image and visual impact of the park. Curved cement benches and undulating terraced ground provide a tranquil space for resting crowds. By creating themed spaces, optimizing site elevations, and forging multi-level micro-terrain spaces, the design combines the concept of creating key areas and minimal intervention in transitional areas. This results in a rich landscape experience and reasonable use of funds. Plenty use of natural, continuous grass-type plants brings sense of wildness to the originally oppressive urban feel, encouraging public participation, thus turning into new venue in the existing community by the North Ring Road.
▽公园夜景氛围 Park night view atmosphere
项目位置：中国 广东 深圳
Project Name: Landscape Enhancement Design of North Ring Road and Mount Bijiashan Park
Design Company and Personnel: Shenzhen Ace Design and Development Co., Ltd./ Liu Zhiyong, Zhu Ziqing, Ma Jiajia, Ou Yongshi, Chen Ziyue
Cooperating Party: Shenzhen Park Management Center
Project Location: Shenzhen, Guangdong, China
Project Area: 31500m²
Design and Completion Year: Designed in 2021 / Completed in 2022
Photographer: He Qiang
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