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Burgos & Garrido Arquitectos:2003年,马德里市议会决定填埋该市第一环路(M30)以西10公里的路段,这一路段沿着曼萨纳雷斯河的两岸延伸。

Burgos & Garrido Arquitectos:In 2003 Madrid City Council decided to bury the 10km western stretch of the city’s first Ring Road, known as the M30. This West section travels along both banks of the Manzanares River. 
The original construction of the M30 was not the result of a single design, it had taken place carelessly during the last 40 years and its development had always been dependent on traffic demands. Amongst the consequences and side effects, it erased the city’s connection to its river, rendering it inaccessible and invisible.


© Madrid City Council

总平面图 Master plan

© Burgos & Garrido Arquitectos



Once the motorway was buried, an enormous public open space appeared vacant at the heart of the city of Madrid, at a very central location, less than half-a-mile away from the Royal Palace and its gardens. The construction of the tunnels, with a total length of over 40km, and through which more than 200,000 vehicles pass by every day, involved burying the electrical power lines that transport 40% of the city’s energy; renovating the rainwater collection and filtering system and the main sewage system; restoring the flood protection scheme; the drinking water pipe-lines, gas, data and telephone lines. Additionally, it was also carried-out in the same place occupied by the motorway, and thus traffic could not be cut off. It was an extremely complex construction work that modified all the infrastructural layers of the city, found in a very dense location where everything was compressed together.
The completion of the works, over the short period of 3 years, was a great relief for the city, especially for those neighbors who lived closer to the M30.


© Madrid City Council




In 2005, half way through the construction process, the City Council held an open international competition to solve the enormous public open space that the tunneling of the motorway and its nodes had left vacant. Our team regarded the project as a great geographical intervention, much bigger in scale than just the area left vacant by the burying of the motorway. It was essential to envision, understand, draw, and walk the river as a whole, from its source at the Sierras in the North of Madrid, to the plateaus and meadows in the South and somehow incorporate this experience and geographical reality into the project.

The design of this big park with a surface of over 150 ha consists of the reorganization and the urban design of the public space left available after the burial of the motorway and it includes: 12 new pedestrian-bridges; 6 hectares of public and sports facilities, social, communal and artistic amenities; An urban beach; Children’s areas; The restoration of the river’s hydraulic architectural heritage.


© Madrid City Council


Madrid Río项目主要涉及两个主要城市目标:

1. 治愈40多年来城市和社会结构中的高速公路所造成的创伤,也治愈隧道工程本身造成的创伤,因为这些创伤也相当严重和具有侵略性。这些是通过设计和建造48公里以上的人行道;重组交通和公共交通线路和系统;在河上兴建12座新的人行天桥,并重新设计6座现有的人行桥使它们使用起来更加方便来实现的。

2. 设计和建造一个完全开放的公共空间,基本上全覆盖树木,可供所有人使用,溜冰者、自行车手、散步的人、登山者、跑步者、当地人和城市游客。纵向来看,它将马德里市令人惊叹的外部景观与强烈的城市色彩和极度密集的内部联系在一起,这些景观大多仍是原生的。这在像马德里这样紧凑而古老的城市是很难实现的事情。横向来看,它横贯历史城市中心与现代周边。因此,该项目在城市中心和周围宝贵的乡村之间建立了一种以前不存在的物理和概念上的连续性。因此,曼萨纳雷斯河成为了连接这座城市与其地理位置的节点。

Mainly, the Madrid Río project deals altogether with two urban targets that can be easily identified:

1. The project heals the wounds caused over 40 years by the motorway situated within the urban and social fabric. It also heals the wounds produced by the tunneling works themselves, as they were also quite significant and aggressive. This was achieved with the design and construction over 48 km of sidewalks; the reorganization of the traffic and the public transport lines and system; the construction of 12 new footbridges over the river and the redesign of 6 existing ones, making them more pedestrian friendly.

2. The design and construction of a completely open public space essentially covered with trees that can be used by all, skaters, cyclists, strollers, climbers, runners, locals and city visitors. Longitudinally, it links the amazing exterior landscapes of the city of Madrid, mostly wild still, with its strongly urban and extreme dense interior. Something difficult to achieve in compact and old cities like Madrid. Transversally, it connects the historical city center with the modern periphery. Thus, the project establishes a physical and conceptual continuity, which did not previously exist, between the city center and the valuable countryside that surrounds it. And as a result, the river Manzanares has become the node that connects the city with its geography.


© Ana Muller



The project vertically links what is infrastructural to what is superstructural; the diverse and apparently chaotic engineering geometries to those geometrics belonging to the city; the abrupt topography of the buried constructions to the plane of the City and the fictional essence of a slightly undulating natural space. The topography and therefore, the depth of the underground structures, changes substantially. It is linked to its bearing capacity, which determines, to a great extent, the also variable topography of the public space. It also links the tunnels’ emergency evacuation routes and their emergency exits to the outline of the strolling pathways on the surface, the smoke extraction and impulsion systems and machinery and their chimneys to the materials of the city of Madrid; minerals to vegetation; cars to pedestrians.


© Ana Muller
© Ana Muller


Madrid Río作为世界上最大的“城市体育场”之一,植被是它用来创造密集生态环境的主要材料,也是惰性地下基质上的生物景观。这可能是将大型基础设施和已建成的城市建筑与周围的自然环境最好地结合在一起的项目之一。该项目的目标是将景观、城市、建筑和城市基础设施结合起来,创造一个更加多样化的环境,一个更加绿色和宜居的城市。

Madrid Rio as a whole is one of the biggest “urban mat-building” in the world. Vegetation was the main material used on top of it to create a dense and ecological environment, a living landscape on an inert underground substrate. It is perhaps one of the projects that best integrates large infrastructures and the built urban fabric with the natural environment that surround them. The aim of the project was to make place where the landscape, the city, the architecture and the urban infrastructures combine to create a more diverse environment and a greener and more inhabitable city.


© Jeroen Musch
© Ana Muller
© Jeroen Musch

分区结构 Construction evolution

© Burgos & Garrido Arquitectos

总平面图 General floor plan

© Burgos & Garrido Arquitectos

分析图 Analysis

© Burgos & Garrido Arquitectos

标准段剖面图 Standard section

© Burgos & Garrido Arquitectos





项目名称:Madrid Río
Burgos & Garrido:Francisco Burgos, Ginés Garrido
Porras La Casta:Fernando Porras-Isla, Arantxa La Casta
Rubio & Álvarez-Sala:Enrique Álvarez-Sala, Carlos Rubio
West 8:Adriaan Geuze, Edzo Bindels
建筑设计项目经理:Javier Malo de Molina
景观设计项目经理:Christian Dobrick
合作建筑师:Dominique Perrault
图片来源:Ana Muller, Jeroen Musch, Madrid City Council

Project name: Madrid Río
Project location: Madrid, Spain.
Landscape Area: 15.000.000 sqm (150 hectares)
Design Year & Completion Year: 2005 (Competition), 2005-2015 (Construction)
Clients: Madrid City Council
Burgos & Garrido: Francisco Burgos, Ginés Garrido
Porras La Casta: Fernando Porras-Isla, Arantxa La Casta
Rubio & Álvarez-Sala: Enrique Álvarez-Sala, Carlos Rubio
West 8: Adriaan Geuze, Edzo Bindels
Project Manager Architect: Javier Malo de Molina
Project Manager Landscape Architect: Christian Dobrick
Collaborating Architect: Dominique Perrault
Photo credits: Ana Muller, Jeroen Musch, Madrid City Council


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