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Dabbagh Architects：位于迪拜的穆罕默德·阿卜杜勒哈利克·加尔加什清真寺由Dabbagh建筑公司（Dabbagh Architects）设计建造，这是一个现代的礼拜场所，在使用形式、材料质感和自然光控制方面把控十分精湛，使朝拜者在此感到十分平静，并建立起物质世界和内部精神世界的联系。该清真寺是阿联酋第一批由女性建筑师设计的清真寺之一。
Dabbagh Architects lead by Principal Architect and Founder, Sumaya Dabbagh, completes the Mosque of the Late Mohamed Abdulkhaliq Gargash (Dubai, UAE), a contemporary place of worship that is quietly masterful in its use of form, materiality and controlled natural light to evoke a sense of calm and spiritual connection and transition the worshipper from outer material world to inner sense of being. The mosque is one of the first in the UAE to be designed by a female architect.
▽建筑外观 External view
Sumaya is one of only a few Saudi female architects of her generation and amongst a handful of women architects leading their own practice in the Gulf region. With a reputation for crafting culturally relevant buildings in dialogue with their surroundings, she places emphasis on the intangible in architecture; seeking to create meaning and a sense of the poetic to form a connection with each building’s user. Previous projects include Mleiha Archaeological Centre (2016), a curved sandstone structure that rises from the desert in the small town of Mleiha, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The project was awarded an Architecture MasterPrize (2020), amongst other award wins, as well as being nominated for the Aga Khan Awards (2018).
创造物质世界和精神世界的过渡 ｜ Creating a transition from outer material world to inner sense of being
该项目是为了纪念已故的家族族长Mohamed Abdulkhaliq Gargash，Gargash家族的目标是为迪拜的工业中心Al Quoz社区建造一座简约的现代清真寺，为朝拜者提供一个平静的祈祷空间。Dabbagh建筑公司致力于支持当地工业并秉持可持续性的实践设计方法，从清真寺所在地采购材料：石材来自阿曼，混凝土、铝材、覆层、细木工制品和陶瓷则来自阿联酋。设计方法的核心是优化朝拜流程和贯穿整个建筑的人流动线，使朝拜者更好地进行祈祷并增进与神圣的亲密感。
As a gift to the community and in honour of the late patriarch of the family, Mohamed Abdulkhaliq Gargash, the Gargash family’s brief was to create a minimal contemporary mosque, a calm and spiritual space for prayer, for the community of the Al Quoz, the industrial heart of Dubai. Committed to supporting local industries and in keeping with the practice’s sustainable approach to design, Dabbagh Architects sourced materials from the mosque’s locality: stone from Oman; concrete, aluminium, cladding, joinery and ceramics from the UAE. At the heart of the design approach is the enhancement of the act of worship and a transitional journey throughout the building so that the worshipper is ready for prayer and feels a sense of intimacy with the sacred.
“Creating a space of worship was a very particular design challenge. Prayer is a devotional act. It requires the worshipper to be totally present. With all the distractions in our modern busy lives it can be challenging to quieten the mind and find an inner calm to allow for full immersion into prayer, ” says Sumaya. “Through the design, a series of spaces are created that allow the worshipper to transition from the busy outer world and prepare for an inner experience. ”
以光线为媒介建立与神的联系 ｜ Light as a tool to create a connection with the divine
Natural light is used as a tool to enhance a feeling of spirituality, the connection between the earthly and the divine, and to mark the worshipper’s journey through the building. Scale also plays a role in creating this sense of sacredness. Starting at the mosque’s outdoor entrance, perforated shading creates a threshold of perforated light leading the worshipper to the ablution area where physical cleansing invites the clearing of the mind and preparation for prayer. The route continues through to a lobby space where further shedding of the material world takes place through the act of removing one’s shoes. Once inside the prayer hall, the visitor further transitions to a contained space where reading from the Quran may take place before prayer. All the while, the quality of light from one space to another changes to enhance the preparation process, so that when the worshipper finally enters the main hall, they are ready for prayer.
“Muslim prayer is performed throughout the day at prescribed timings: at dawn, midday, afternoon, sunset and at night. This discipline creates a human connection with the natural day and night rhythm. The experience created through the design of the mosque seeks to enhance this connection through a controlled introduction of natural lighting, ” explains Sumaya. This is done in three ways: vertically, via the perforated dome to enhance the spiritual connection to the heavens, the shafts of light from the narrow openings on the sides further create a sense of illumination from the divine; indirectly, behind the Mihrab to highlight the point of focus in the prayer hall facing the direction of prayer; and, through a play of light from a series of small openings in the façade that follows the same decorative patterns of the interior.
不同于传统建筑的简约形式 ｜ Pared down form eschews traditional architectural typology
Dabbagh Architects sought to avoid multiple blocks, simplifying the traditional typology of the Islamic form and stripping it away to its essence. In the process of design development, the main building volume was separated into two: firstly, the prayer block containing the male and female prayer areas, and secondly the service block where the ablution facilities and residence for the Imam (the leader of prayer) and Moazen (caller of prayer) are found.
▽两个分区 Two blocks
As a result of this division, a courtyard is formed which has a sculptural canopy reaching out to reconnect the two volumes together. With its two arms almost touching, the canopy gives a sense of separation of the functional and the more scared: the practicality of the ablution ritual and the spirituality of prayer. In further contrast to traditional mosque architecture, the minaret is designed as a separate volume.
▽雕塑般的穹顶 Sculptural canopy
伊斯兰几何美学 ｜ A reinterpretation of Islamic geometry and metaphorically protective calligraphy
The use of pattern and materiality in this project enhances the user’s experience as they journey from the outside into to the courtyard and enter the building. Throughout the building is a triangular pattern, a reference to traditional Islamic geometry but reinterpreted in a deconstructed contemporary language. The exterior paneling uses this triangulated pattern in recessed and perforated elements, which gives the building’s skin a dynamic appearance. Internally, these perforations scatter natural light into the areas of worship with great control and care to illuminate the key spaces and create a calm atmosphere and sense of connection to the divine, as well as helping to cool the mosque’s interior. The double skin dome also allows natural light to enter, filtering it through the internal decorative skin, which incorporates the same triangulated pattern as the rest of the building. This filtered light creates a soft naturally-lit prayer space tailoring to the introspective mind during prayer. The reinterpreted Islamic patterns and triangulated geometry harmonize throughout the interior as lines intersecting across walls, carpets and light fittings.
▽三角形图案 Triangular pattern
美术字体在整体设计中占有重要地位，《古兰经》的诗篇Surah从外部环绕祈祷大厅，形成一个隐秘的保护带，标志着空间的精神本质，并在整个建筑中注入神圣的能量。诗篇“The Most Merciful”完全由saj’——早期阿拉伯诗歌中以重音为特征的押韵组成，引用了太阳、月亮、星星和天堂以及许多其他创作元素。Sumaya说：“在每个项目结束时，我希望这座建筑能够唤起人们预期中的感觉和情感。当一座建筑诞生并拥有自己的生命时，这是一个决定性的、神奇的时刻，因此我在第一座清真寺落地时特别感动，我真的很幸运有机会创造一个将人们聚集在一起朝拜的神圣空间。”
Calligraphy plays an important part in the overall design. A Surah (verse from the Quran) wraps around the prayer hall externally to create a metaphoric protective band signaling the spiritual nature of the space upon arrival and instilling a sacred energy throughout the building. The verse, “The Most Merciful”, is composed entirely in saj’, the rhyming, accent-based prose characteristic of early Arabic poetry and references the sun, the moon, the stars and heavens and many other creations. “At the end of each project my hope is that the building will evoke the feelings and emotions that were envisioned at the outset. There is a defining, magical moment when the building is born and claims a life of its own. For this, my first mosque, that moment was particularly moving. I feel truly blessed to have had the opportunity to create a sacred space that brings people together for worship,” says Sumaya.
首席建筑师：Dabbagh Architects – Sumaya Dabbagh, Sandrine Quoilin, Aleks Zigalovs, Hana Younes, William Java
结构工程：Orient Crown Architectural
景观建筑：WAHO Landscape Architecture
图片来源：Gerry O’Leary Photography
Location: Um Suqeim Road , Al Quoz
Completion date: 30.06.2021
Site Area: 3731.27 m2
Total BUA: 1680 m2
Classification: Juma’a (Friday) Mosque
Lead architects: Dabbagh Architects – Sumaya Dabbagh, Sandrine Quoilin, Aleks Zigalovs, Hana Younes, William Java
Structure engineers: Orient Crown Architectural
MEP Engineers: Clemson Engineering
Landscape Architects: WAHO Landscape Architecture
Client: Family of the late Mohamed Abdulkhaliq Gargash
Structure: RC Concrete
Cladding: GRC Cladding
Canopy: Aluminium Canopy on Steel Support Structure
Joinery: Wood Veneer/HPL/Solid Wood/Solid Surface
Photo Credit: Gerry O’Leary Photography
更多 Read more about: Dabbagh Architects