本文由 尌林建筑设计事务所 授权mooool发表，欢迎转发，禁止以mooool编辑版本转载。
Thanks Shulin Architectural Design for authorizing the publication of the project on mooool. Text description provided by Shulin Architectural Design.
Shulin Architectural Design：Liuba is located in the south of Qinling Mountains, experiencing four distinct seasons and pleasant weather. As the entrance to Liuba Mountain Scenic Area, the service center is located in a mountain lap in Liuba County. It mainly contains reception and consultation, public toilets, cultural and creative products sales, and a book bar not only providing a place for rest for the villagers, but also showcasing a strong sense of openness.
▽夜幕下亮灯的多功能服务中心Multifunctional service center with lights on at night
▽公共开放的半室外空间Semi-open public space
▽接待公区室内场景Indoor public reception area
▽大屋顶下开放的公共空间Open public space under the big roof
▽从下山道看向服务中心Looking at the service center from the downhill path
场地记忆 Site memory
The first arrival was on a cloudy day in April. With hazy mountains at distance, the two horizontal red brick houses were placed at 60 degrees on different elevations, while the mountains on both sides seem close, giving a strong feeling of being surrounded. Looking along the lap to afar from the open space in the site, there is only very simple view of the distant mountains above the roof. From the on-site memory, two key elements are extracted: the axis of the architecture and the visual angle of the mountain. The new building inherits the original texture and axis, with the aim to retain the memory of the original site. A space is arranged along the axis of the mountain side as the toilet, and a special wall is used to separate the functional and spacial areas. The climbing road passes through the building along the wall for the convenience of tourists, and a reception area with semi outdoor public space are designed to the left side of the stone wall along the other axis. There are multiple motion lines in the building: one goes up directly along the left side of the building without passing the internal road of the building, while another enters the building before it diverses into multiple paths to go up to the mountain. The visual angle to the mountain is simple through a slanting rood, with a platform on the roof for those who climb high to look far into the surrounding mountains.
▽场地的原始状态The original state of the site
▽还原场地中建筑与环境的互相关系Restore the relationship between architecture and environment
▽原始场地鸟瞰Aerial view of the original site
▽建成后鸟瞰Bird’s eye view after completion
▽从街巷看服务中心Looking at the service center from the street
▽多个入口和路径穿过建筑Multiple entrances and paths through the building
▽屋顶露台可登高远眺The roof terrace for sight-seeing
▽方案推演过程Evolution of the design
▽在交错的屋顶之间实现爬山的体验Sense of mountain-climbing through staggered roofs
▽爬上屋顶，眺望远山Climb onto the roof and watch the distant mountains
三片屋顶、一榀屋架、几片墙体 Three roofs, one roof truss and several walls
The architectural design clearly separates the basic elements of the house, the roof, the structure, the walls and the ground. The functional spaces are distributed under three big roofs, namely the public reception, open public space and the public toilet, which are both independent and interdependent, and are systematically organized. The big roof is built on prefabricated plywood roof truss at different scales that repeat and evolve from the coherent design logic and form, similar to the traditional Chinese wooden buildings, which changes within the continuous array of roof trusses. A standard roof truss is designed and repeated to be arrayed for scale change according to the space, and therefore, a spatial relation of three basic wooden roof trusses is created.
▽三片大小不一的单坡屋顶Three single-slope roofs of different sizes
▽架在毛石墙上的大屋顶建筑A large-roof building on a rubble wall
▽一片屋顶之接待公区One roof – reception
▽二片屋顶之开放的公共空间Two roof- open public area
▽三片屋顶之公共厕所Three roofs – public toilet
▽清晰的木结构屋架体系Clear wood-structure roof truss
▽相似的木结构屋架重复阵列形成空间Space formed by similar wooden roof truss
From the very beginning, I hope to design a clear structural logic for the architecture, including the platform, the walls, the wood structure, the stairs and the roof. The design restores the platform foundation as the basic element of the site, clarifies the relation between the wall and the wood structure, and aligns the stairs with the wall, which also designs the walls of three different texture along the direction of the roof. The cast-in-place bamboo formwork concrete wall is horizontally arranged in accordance with the direction of the long side of the roof, while the short side is filled with translucent glass brick walls which retreats behind the concrete wall. All square holes and windows are on the cast-in-place bamboo formwork wall, the small square window glass is retreated with open leaves, the large square window protrudes, and fixed glass is installed on the outside. The doors, made of translucent Changhong glass, open on the glass brick wall. An oblique masonry rubble wall between the three roofs is connected into the interior of the reception, forming an interesting interwoven relationship.
▽毛石台基上暖色的木构Warm wood structure on the rubble mound foundation
▽木构、墙体、楼梯关系交织The intertwined relationship between wood structure, wall and stairs
▽楼梯顺着两片屋顶之间的墙体而上，强化轴线方向的空间引导Stairs go up along the wall between the two roofs to strengthen the axial spatial hint
▽竹模混凝土上的方形凸窗，视线前后穿透Square convex window on bamboo formwork concrete, with a view from the front to the back
▽斜向毛石墙将服务中心和公厕划分开The oblique rubble wall separates the service center from the public toilet
▽架在毛石墙体上的木结构屋顶Wood structure roof on rubble wall
▽毛石墙转折穿插到接待公区室内Rubble wall turns and penetrates into the reception room
There are three different internal and external connections between the wood structure columns and the walls. The columns in the reception area is on the inside and 400 away from the wall axis, while the wall is separated from the structure. The wood structure columns in the public toilet are all exposed outside of the wall, while the wood structure in the open public space is occluded with the same axis of the wall. All these relations bring more fun to the space,and explore the most basic elements of the building and the organizational logic between the structure and the wall. In fact, these kinds of organizational methods have been used in the traditional residential construction with clear relations in each system. We made attempts to combine these relations in this architecture.
▽接待公区的木结构柱子在墙体内侧The wooden pillars in the reception area are on the inside of the wall
▽木头与墙体之间建立清晰的边界Establish a clear boundary between the wood and the wall
▽结构与墙体分离，木结构裸漏在外侧The structure separated from the wall, and the wooden structure exposed to the outside
▽结构和墙体在同一轴线，相互咬合The structure and the wall on the same axis and grip into each other
▽木结构组建过程演示Demonstration of timber structure formation
肆意游走与时间性 Wander and time
When I first stepped into the house, I felt an unexpected excitement. It’s a very interesting experience to wander about aimlessly through various paths and different spaces, not knowing where to go at the intersections. The inspiration might come from the implicit memory of Suzhou garden I visited many years ago.
▽多种路径可供选择的岔口空间Fork with multiple paths
▽双手可直接触碰建筑屋顶结构Roof to be directly touched
▽高低上下曲折的游廊体验The ups and downs of the veranda
Multiple paths in the building create a special walking experience. As the height difference set several spaces at different elevations, the space naturally forms slopes and stairs. For better view of the distant mountains, we set a path to the roof interspersed between three roofs along the wall. The veranda goes up and down, passes an open roof entrance and extends to the overhead platform, which is deliberately limited and guided in the space, but also left with many choices at one time to erase the sense of time during wandering.
▽顺着外挂在墙体上廊梯上屋顶Staircase to the roof hanging on the wall
▽曲折游廊之下的直行路径The straight path under the winding veranda
▽类园林里的廊梯和片墙，顺意游走The corridors, ladders and walls similar to garden design
The aimless wander can take many alternative paths, with changes in heights, combined by usefulness and uselessness to represent sense of time.
Fun is a widely discussed topic. As people’s body and sight change with the turning and guidance of space, surprises will be generated uninterruptedly. The interwoven walls and roofs form an informal relation to create visual dislocation. From the hole between the two walls, different contents are presented. At a certain angle in the space, the windows will overlap diagonally, and the will be stacked layer by layer, which brings richer and more focused views. When these perspectives are notied, the fun arise.
▽三片木结构屋顶交织在一起Three timber roofs are intertwined
▽透过片墙上的窗口看到木结构The timber structure through the window on the wall
▽不同窗洞穿透出来的空间层次Spatial layers penetrated by different windows
▽从洞口窥视到木结构的搭接关系Peeping from the hole to the overlapping of timber structure
不同层次的灰·细腻与粗犷的交融 Party of gray; Blending fineness and wildness
Warm colored wood and gray cement and stone are mainly chosen for materials. Warm color appears in the upper part of the building, and gray dominates in the lower part.
The building mainly uses small size Douglas fir plywood, and the Douglas fir watch board and red cedar shingles for a roof system are all warm colors. The walls and the ground are gray. The bamboo formwork cast-in-place concrete wall, washed stone steps, old slate outdoor paving, and terrazzo indoor ground form a similar gray tone. The glass brick wall is mixed with a little cold gray to balance the warmth of the color, as well as provide subtle changes of the similar materials and different texture. The iron railings for the window bookcases are also gray, which together build the texture and temperature of the building. We also hoped to present a contrast between the fine and the wild, harmony of the warm color and gray and combination of the light and the heavy to form the most basic material perception of the building.
▽竹模混凝土墙、毛石墙、木构屋顶构建在一起Bamboo formwork concrete wall, rubble wall and timber roof built together
▽几种不同质感的灰色在光影下呈现不同的状态Several grays with different textures show different states under light and shadow
▽木结构的暖色对墙体产生暖环境色The warm-colored timber structure projects warm environmental color to the wall
▽建筑的材质关系呈现为上暖下灰The material of the building warm color on the top and gray on the bottom
▽木结构柱脚用定制金属件与地面基础链接The timber structure column foot is linked to the ground foundation with customized metal pieces
▽冷灰色玻璃砖与暖色木结构在光影下冷暖调和Cold gray glass brick and warm color timber structure are in harmony under the light and shadow
The architecture influences people comprehensively through space, light and shadow, materials and experience. The collision between materials is not only in color, light and shadow, but also their texture and feel. I was a little disappointed when the bamboo formwork concrete was just removed, as it didn’t turn out to be what I expected, but I didn’t rush to repair. As the wood structure and glass bricks were donw, the roughness of the bamboo formwork concrete went just fine. After the rubble wall is built, the rough feeling of bamboo formwork concrete turned even better, with more layers of the textur and water line projections of light and shadows made it more vivid. As fineness and roughness go hand in hand, high density of delicacy is usually overwhelming, while roughness without details bores people. The proportion and the control of the relation as well as the architect’s personnal feeling are important, while every decision made on the site will affect the overall quality of the building after completion.
▽竹模混凝土凹凸粗糙的竖向纹理Vertical texture of bamboo formwork concrete with rough convex
▽三种不同粗糙度的材料整合在一起Three materials with different roughness are integrated
▽栏杆的投影打在竹模板混凝土上类似水纹形态The projection of the railing on the bamboo formwork concrete is similar to the water pattern
▽木结构和竹模混凝土墙清晰的组织在一起Wood structure and bamboo formwork concrete wall clearly organized together
▽材质层级关系更加的丰富的接待空间The reception with richer layers of texture
▽粗粝的毛石墙与细腻的木结构对比Comparison between rough rubble wall and delicate wood structure
感觉与逻辑 Sense and logic
The design didn’t take much time, but during the construction, we spent much time on the meterials and details, and sometimes the reality turned out different from what we expected. The language of design is based on logic with clear ideas and techniques, but also sense of fuzzy changes. We hope that the designs and connotations are sensed, not straight fowardly illustrated to the users. The clarity of design logic and the ambiguity of personal feeling coexist in this project. The design logic is rational, and the feeling of the space relates more to the emotion. I put a lot of thoughts into the veranda railings, and simulated various forms during modeling, but ended up with light gray iron railings to weaken the sense of existence and integrate them into the overall gray background. I always go back and forth during the design and even the construction, but what is left would be the result of back and forth struggle between logic and feeling.
▽手绘草图（陈林）Hand-drawn sketch (Chen Lin)
▽静谧的光影空间环境Quiet space environment with light and shadow
▽下午三点，透过洞口看到栏杆水纹投影和木构节点The railing water pattern projection and wooden joints from the window at 3p.m
▽楼梯栏杆细节Stair railing details
▽夕阳下木瓦屋顶鱼鳞般阴影Fish-scale shadows on the shingle roof at sunset
被公共使用 Used by the public
Being public is a constant concern and discussion in our works, and the same goes to this architecture. There are few areas outside, and most of the space is open for people to sit and chat or walk randomly around, with a public toilet that opens 24-7. In the evenings, many residents who live around would stay and chat. We want the completion of the building a commencement rather than a closure, and only frequent use can make it public.
▽可以随处坐下休憩的公区空间Public space to sit and rest anywhere
▽入口处休憩的亭廊The rest pavilion at the entrance
▽进入服务中心后可随意停留下来的空间Space to stay at will after entering the service center
▽木构屋顶之下的公共休憩座椅Public seats under wooden roofs for rest
▽公共卫生间内部场景Interior space of public toilet
真实的建造 Real construction
Real construction will surely impress people, which is a constant pursuit for our firm and has been realized in this architecture. Since the very beginning, I hoped that we could use the clearest thinking to design all the spaces, structural materials and relations to clearly present and express without any decoration the whole process of construction when people enter the space. Stones slowly pile up from bottom to top, concrete bamboo are cast on-site, wood structures are constructed on-site, old stone slabs are paved one after another and glass bricks are built one by one, which all help to restore the construction process. For me, the biggest achievement is exactly to provide such clear expression for the architecture.
▽看向秦岭方向的鸟瞰A bird’s eye view of the Qinling Mountains
▽傍晚亮灯后的多功能服务中心Multifunctional service center after lighting in the evening
▽俯瞰多功能服务中心和房车营地Overlooking the multifunctional service center and RV camp
▽屋顶木屋的肌理变化与光影效果Texture change and light and shadow effect of roof wooden house
▽木结构屋顶高窗处玻璃封闭节点Glass-sealed closure at high window on the wooden roof
▽实木坐凳Solid wood stool
▽木结构连接Timber structure joint
▽施工过程沟通记录Communication record during construction
▽模型1 Manual model 1
▽模型2 Manual model 2
▽模型3 Manual model 3
▽剖面图Section inner view
▽墙身详图 Detail of the wall
▽屋架详图Detail of the frame
Project name: Multifunctional Service Center of Liuba Mountain Scenic Area
Project location: Wayaogou, Liuba County, Hanzhong City, Shaanxi Province
Project Owner: Liuba County Housing and Urban Rural Construction Administration
Construction leader: Yang Meng
Designer: Shulin Architectural Design
Company website: http://www.hzshulin.com/office.html
Chief architects: Chen Lin, Liu Dongying
General planning design: Lin Ye(Shanghai Yixiou Landscape Architecture Design Co., Ltd)
Participating designer: Wang Jiaxin, Guo Xiucheng, Pan Chenyan, Zhang Huiyi(Intern)
Structural consultant: Luanlu Structural Design
Project type: Public service facilities
Structure: Wood structure
Design time: 2021 March-2021 June
Construction time: 2021 July -2022 July
Building area: 380 ㎡
Building materials: Douglas fir plywood, bamboo formwork concrete, rubble blocks, red cedar shingles, glass bricks, old stone slabs, steel plates, washing stones, terrazzo
Architectural photography: Zhao Yilong, Wu Ang
Video capture: Shulin Architecture-Ding Shiying
更多 Read more about: 尌林建筑设计事务所