Thanks Mecanoo for authorizing the publication of the project on mooool, Text description provided by Mecanoo.
Mecanoo: The Bijlmer area grew due to a large expansion of Amsterdam in the late sixties and seventies. The utopian modernism that underpinned the plans for the neighbourhood envisaged a metro system, a road network free of crossings, uniform thirteen-story housing blocks coupled with parking garages and extensive green spaces. In practice, it delivered an unsafe neighbourhood with problems. Now re-branded Amsterdam Zuidoost, the neighbourhood was urged to provide a differentiated housing stock and improve its management of the public realm. Part of this strategy is the transformation of the Nelson Mandela Park into a new urban park with seven hundred homes and six hectares of sporting facilities. Mecanoo’s response to this brief has three main elements: the integration of housing within the landscape, clear boundaries and entrances to the park and an intensification of activities.
Undulating strips of individual homes and apartments define the edges of the park. The park was elevated 60 cm to mitigate the dampness of the lower lying areas. The Bijlmer tree edge is the transition between the park and residences: it is a fence made of trees which were stripped of their bark and placed on steel legs. The Nelson Mandela Park has eight classic main entrances that are characterized by three vertical gates which always remain open on either side of a horizontal gateway.
“Nelson Mandela Park” is written in ironwork on the vertical gates, and the horizontal gateways have names that refer to the surrounding neighbourhoods including: Entrance Huntum, Entrance Flierbos, Entrance Gooise side, Entrance Kelbergen and Entrance Vogeltjeswei. Just by the gates alone, the Nelson Mandela Park is set apart from the other city parks. The Bijlmer paths wind fluidly throughout Nelson Mandela Park and connect the ‘cultural’ northern part of the park with the natural untouched part in the south. They pass by and even underneath the Karspeldreef, occasionally intertwining themselves with the sidewalks surrounding the Nelson Mandela Park avenues. Nelson Mandela Park features a range of distinctive trees, tall species like giant sequoia and fields of special trees such as flowering magnolias. In Nelson Mandela Park you can see and smell every season. The rolling parkland of the Nelson Mandela Park together with the variety of plantings creates a spectacular experience throughout all seasons.
There are also plans to create an arboretum above the Karspelsedreef. The southern part of the park is a nature park with a lot of water, large fields with colourful plants and several bridges and banks and a deck over the water. There is also an over seven-meter high hill covered with butterfly bushes, and providing a magnificent view. From this hill you can see along with the sun’s path through the Nelson Mandela Park.
Playing fields for organised sports are located in the middle of the park. These artificial grass and turf fields are partially hidden from the houses by trees which are placed around them. Besides sports, many other attractions are placed within the park. Along the main path are three different esplanades, the Sports and Game esplanade, the Tribune esplanade and the Nature Esplanade which all have their own identity and function. The Sport and Game esplanade is organized as a major sports and game facility in Southeast. A good view of the Great Meadow is provided by the Tribune esplanade and can be enjoyed during the Kwakoe festival or a football match. In the stands, visitors can bask in the sunshine, read a book or relax. The Nature esplanade can be enjoyed from the benches overlooking the natural pond.
设计: 2003 – 2004年
实施: 2009 – 2011年
摄影: Harry Cock; Mecanoo
Programme: Urban and landscape design for a 32 ha park with 700 dwellings and 8 ha sports program, offices and school, first prize competition
Client: District Amsterdam Zuidoost
Photography: Harry Cock; Mecanoo
更多 Read more about: Mecanoo