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Atelier cnS：Longjiang Central Primary School (Jinping Campus) is located at the foot of Jinping Mountain, Longjiang, Foshan. It was rebuilt from the existing Jinping Middle School in order to meet the growing demands for high-quality education in the central urban area. After the renovation, the lower grade campus can accommodate 20 classes of grades one and two. The renovation takes the advantage of the site, extracting a series of natural elements from Liyugang Park in Jinping Mountain and bringing them back to the campus design. By integrating and interacting with the natural environment, a campus that learns in nature is formed. This “campus in the park” or the “park in the campus” builds a bridge for the first and second-year students to transition from kindergarten to primary school.
▽校园鸟瞰夜景 Aerial view
▽公园入口玻璃拱廊 Park entrance glass arcade
改造前的校园 The campus before renovation
Jinping Campus is located in the center of the Longjiang Town. It used to be the site of Longjiang Middle School and the stone road preserved in the campus has carried the memories of local people. Although the old town has a profound historical background, its crowded circulation in the central district has also brought many issues to the school:
▽改造前鸟瞰 Aerial view
1. The transition space in front of the school is blocked by two residential buildings, resulting in a non-obvious entrance left. It not only has a negative influence on school overall appearance, but also brings safety and traffic problems to the campus when students are entering and leaving;
▽改造前入口 Retrofit front entrance
▽改造后校园入口 The renovated campus entrance
2. There is a drop of about 7 meters between the sports grounds and the school building, and the main transition is only depend on an outdoor staircase, which makes the circulation in between extremely inconvenient.
▽改造前-登山拱廊 Before renovation – Mountaineering Arcade
▽改造后-场地高差-登山拱廊和屋顶游乐场 Modified site height difference – hiking arcade and roof playground
3. The atrium in the campus is currently underused and it has been treated as a parking lot for a long time. In the condition of poor accessibility to the sports grounds, it shows a lack of activity spaces during the break between the classes.
▽教学区中庭-改造前 Atrium of teaching area – Before renovation
▽改造后的教学区中庭 The renovated atrium of the teaching area
▽教学区中庭-白云连廊、图书城堡和登山拱廊 Teaching area atrium – white cloud corridor, book castle and mountain arcade
4. The current school building has not meet the various demands for education, more flexible spaces are needed.
▽运动场原有建筑-改造前 Original building of sports ground – before renovation
▽运动场原有建筑-改造后 Original building of sports ground – after renovation
▽主席台-改造前 Rostrum – Before the transformation
▽主席台-改造后 Rostrum – After renovation
轻量化介入，插件式的改造 Lightweight design and the plug-in transformation
Due to the fact that the school building has just been renovated in 2020 and there are a lot of large trees need to be preserved around the expanded sports grounds, a lightweight design and plug-in approach are adopted through the design thinking. On the premise of respecting and retaining the existing characteristics of the site, designers fully took the advantages of the existing site conditions and carefully made a micro-renovation of the campus. Via a series of renovation, basic functional spaces in the campus are optimized, underused areas are reactivated, and environmental quality is greatly improved. The lightweight design thinking not only brings new vitality into the campus, but also repairs the fragmented relationship between the street-campus-park.
▽校园鸟瞰 Aerial view
▽荷叶连廊 Lotus leaf corridor
▽森林图书馆 Forest library
同一形式母题下的演绎 Different representations of a geometric motif
By exploring the plug-in transformation, the focus has gradually transformed from solving a series of problems to designing a set of “adaptive” blocks. Under this circumstance, designers select a motif of arches as a starting point. By following a same logic, different ‘products’ are designed to adapt to different environments and to deal with different problems. These adaptive plug-ins are perfectly inserted into the existing site, reconstructing the order between buildings and showing an interlocking spatial sequence throughout the site.
▽比选过程 Comparison process
▽拱的演变 Arch evolution
▽装置性模块 Device module
▽服务性模块 Service module
▽活动性场地 Active site
▽功能分析图 Functional analysis diagram
校园里的公园 Revitalizing outdoor spaces: park walk in the school
To preserve the original campus, designers retained the facade of existing building, the symbolic trees on the site, and the stone road that carried the history of the campus. By inserting in a series of “adaptive” blocks, the outdoor spaces are revitalized and a park walk experience is brought into the campus. The archway at the entrance is placed to enhance the sense of entering and the ‘Super Arches’ make the campus a landscape on the street. The ‘Cloud Corridor’ is placed to provide a shelter for outdoor activities and enhance the sense of enclosure in the atrium. The ‘Library Castle’ is placed in the stairwell to create a book corner around flexible spaces. The ‘Hiking Trail’ and the ‘Sky Bridge’ are placed to improve the accessibility to the sports grounds and highlight the experience of mountain climbing.
▽更新后的入口拱门 Updated entrance arch
▽白云连廊和入口拱门 White cloud corridor and entrance arch
▽白云连廊和图书城堡 White cloud corridor and book castle
▽白云连廊 White cloud corridor
▽从图书角望向对面的图书城堡 From the Book Corner looking across to the Book Castle
▽利用楼梯间闲置空间打造图书角 Use the idle space of the stairwell to create a book corner
▽登山拱廊 Mountaineering arcade
公园里的校园 Blurring boundaries: sports field in the park
In terms of the sports grounds, designers blurred the boundaries between the campus and the parkland and brought the nature into the school. By introducing the concept of ‘study in nature’, several functional modules are lightly inserted in between the green spaces, which allow students to explore and learn in a natural environment. By blurring boundaries between the campus and the parkland, sports field are naturally blend in with the surroundings. The functional modules in the parkland fulfill the functions of library, fencing hall, activity room and other second classroom spaces. The surrounding modules in the sports grounds, present a range of facades and frame different perspectives of nature, so that the students can explore the beauties of nature while studying.
▽活动空间 Activity space
▽森林图书馆 Forest library
▽森林图书馆室内 Interior of forest library
▽白石击剑馆 Shiraishi Fencing Hall
幼小衔接校园 Bridging the gap between kindergarten and primary school
As a period of transition from the kindergarten to the higher grade, designers combine the written language and the graphic language through the signage system, to stimulate students’ imagination and help them to understand the specific function. For example, in the design of the signage system, designers used two forms of flowers to represent two different grades and a more readable LOGO is also applied to make the different functional classrooms distinguishable.
▽标识设计 Logo design
▽标识系统应用 Identification system application
校园记忆场所的打造 The place to preserve memories
The campus is the best book. Through the design process, designers eager to create a particular space that can store memories and give students a sense of belonging in campus. Such as the dramatic entrance arches, the glass corridor that is showing subtle gradations of light and shade, a library hidden in the park, and the fencing hall, which is called the ‘Little Arena’ by the students. It is hoped that these places will preserve the most precious memories for everyone in Jinping Campus in the future.
▽从公园活动亭看向校园 View of the campus from the park pavilion
▽首层平面 First floor plan
▽立面图 Elevation plan
▽轴测结构分析 Axonometric structure analysis
▽箱体立剖 Box split
项目名称：轻量化介入 | 锦屏山麓小学低年级校区微改造
Project name:Lightweight Interventions | Renovation of the Jinping Lower Primary School
Design Company: Atelier cnS
Project Status: Completed
Project location:Longjiang Town, Shunde District, Foshan City, Guangdong
Project scale:Building area 19210㎡
Main creator Design: Atelier cnS
Presiding Architects: Guanqiu Zhong, ZhiYuan Zhu, Gang Song
Project Leader: Hairui Lin
Atelier cnS Group B: Wenlang Liang, Wenjing Xiao, Yaqian Cai, Wenxuan Huang, Dongyan Lin, Peiyan Yang, Shaopeng Chen
Cicada Art: Shifeng Mo, Qiuyi Jian
Structural Design Team:
S&C DESIGN: Xiaomin Sun, Zimao Zheng
Clients: Government of Longjiang Town,Shunde District, Foshan City
Photographer: Siming Wu
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