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SWA Group:2014年的夏天,我们对金海湾公园的场地做了第一次的基地勘察。当时这片地方还被当地人称为‘大竹林’——三公里的河岸上除了一丛丛的竹林与散落的田地,就是红色的粘土和几棵数得过来的黄葛树。探勘一开始的短短的两三个小时,我们就感受到了重庆最炽热严酷的夏日。在这里,树荫是绝对的奢侈,一丝两缕的风是续命的仙气。

SWA Group:In the summer of 2014, SWA conducted the first of many site visits to the future Jinhaiwan Park. At that time, the area was still known locally as the “Big Bamboo Forest” – a three-kilometer stretch of riverbank characterized solely by clumps of bamboo, scattered farm fields, red clay soil, and a few yellow kudzu trees. In the short two or three hours at the beginning of our exploration, we felt the heat of Chongqing’s harshest summer day. It was immediately apparent that here, shade is an absolute luxury, and a hint or two of breeze is life-renewing.


▽项目视频 Video ©Chill Shine丘文三映

©Chill Shine丘文三映
©Chill Shine丘文三映
©Chill Shine丘文三映
©Chill Shine丘文三映
©Chill Shine丘文三映



The low water level of the Jialing River in July gave us a startlingly wide field. After a full day of 40-degree summer heat, we finally stopped under the tall bridge on the river shoal in the evening, where we watched locals jumping into the water in groups to enjoy the coolness. We envied the leisure and comfort of the fishermen on the rocky beach, and had a firsthand experience of the dry heat of the day as it was soothed by the broad, moving water of the river. The evening was surprisingly stirring, ethereal, and beautiful, giving the design team a sense of the site’s importance for the local community.


▽场地原状Site Condition – Past

©SWA Group
©SWA Group
©SWA Group



The park is located on the left bank of the Jialing River: a narrow plot of land lying 2.5 kilometers long, with a width of just under 50 meters at high water while being 100 meters during periods of low water. Periodic changes of 30 meters in water levels due to flooding demanded a resilient design approach that would put the site on track to become an exemplar of forward-looking and flexible landscape infrastructure. The 100-year flood level of 185 meters corresponded directly to the annual seasonal flood level, which occurs approximately six days per year.


▽场地区位与挑战 Site Location and Challenges 

©SWA Group
©SWA Group



As with many waterfronts in Chongqing, the city has a vertical distance of more than 30 meters from the river. Most of Chongqing’s riverside parks built in recent decades are hard-edged, with narrow vertical space along the riverbank, which tends to cut off city views and focus on singular waterfront functions.


▽现状分析 Analysis




With Jinhaiwan Park, SWA proposed a convenient public amenity that offers both urban and natural elements, where citizens feel invited to stay and relax, immersed in the balance between the two. Development of the Jialing River is led by the Liangjiang New Area local government. The place is poised for transformation into a soft riverfront park to connect water and people, city and wilderness. At the same time, it will record the Jialing River’s unique authenticity, transcribing ancient memories along its thousands of miles: from the recent marks of decades of industrial erosion to the resilient and durable re-entry into the public sphere.


▽水位分析 Water level analysis

©SWA Group
©SWA Group



The design reinterprets the boundary between city and nature and strengthens the bond between humans and their environment. In addition, it allows a long, narrow space to achieve maximum flexibility and self-healing, and provides urban residents with a refuge in the city; at the same time, it highlights the city’s unique cultural history to enhance civic pride.


▽场地现状 Site Condition – Present

©Chill Shine丘文三映
©Chill Shine丘文三映




In 2015, the design was basically complete. The project began its long construction process with the meticulous planting of approximately 10,000 trees.

The park experienced its most strenuous test to date in 2020: Chongqing was hit by a severe flood, and the water level of the Jialing River greatly exceeded previous estimates. All products of civilization dwindle in comparison to natural forces; the young park’s forests, secondary trails, and some of its main trails were inundated.


©SWA Group



Fortunately, the park’s basic initiative – resilient ecology – was proven under these trying conditions. After the waters receded, the park’s woods and trails were fully restored. The design’s supple, “less-is-more” gestures, representative of SWA’s approach to all urban parks, worked alongside natural rhythms, ebbs, and flows as intended. We were pleased to see our greatest ambition for the project corroborated by nature. Today, the space not only delivers multiple flexible and resilient functions, but also provides visitors with the opportunity to connect with nature in an intimate way.


▽弹性生态景观 Resilient ecological landscape

©Chill Shine丘文三映
©Chill Shine丘文三映



The trail system is graded to respond to rising and falling water conditions, with the primary multi-purpose trail set at an elevation of 186 meters above sea level (the annual high-water mark). Trails run for 2.5 kilometers across the entire site. The mere 14-meter difference in elevation from the city ensures that users of all abilities can escape urban “hustle-and-bustle” and quickly delve into a quiet, natural environment.


▽丰富多样的步道系统 Trail system

©Chill Shine丘文三映
©Chill Shine丘文三映
©Chill Shine丘文三映


随着嘉陵江的涨落, 在不同时间、不同时节形成了不断变化的风景,让人类领略到江流恒变的气韵。江水涨期,主步道将成为一条临水长廊,而江水落期则是一道杉林幽径。4米的宽度也为多元的城市和社区需求提供了更多可能,如自导式游览,沿江漫步,自行车健身,跑步运动等。

With the rise and fall of the Jialing River, the landscape is constantly evolving during different times and seasons. However, with the new design for Jinhaiwan Park, these changes promote appreciation of the river’s ever-changing rhythms. The main trail will become a waterfront promenade during high-water periods, and a fir forest trail during low-water periods. The trail’s four-meter width provides more diverse opportunities for engagement with nature, including changing experiences and views for self-guided tours, walks along the river, biking, and running.


▽一道美好且不断变化的风景线 A beautiful and ever-changing landscape

©Chill Shine丘文三映
©Chill Shine丘文三映



The paving concept for the main trail was inspired by the black-and-white patterns of fish in traditional Chinese ink paintings. This approach cleverly reproduces the leisurely attitude of fish as they swim and coalesce in their passage along the curves of the Jialing River. The paving evokes, combines, and integrates the incessant flow of fish in the river and pedestrian movement on land.


▽趣味铺装 Interesting pavement

©Chill Shine丘文三映
©Chill Shine丘文三映
©Chill Shine丘文三映



In the course of its winding path, the main walkway opens onto turning points; here, we installed spacious trellises to ensure wide sight lines and provide shade. As a necessary part of this effort, we widened the paving to varying degrees at several major entry and exit points at the urban interface, to establish an ample transition for pedestrians between the site and the city.


▽景观廊架 Landscape gallery

©Chill Shine丘文三映
©Chill Shine丘文三映



Below the 186-meter elevation point is the river’s fluctuation zone. Here we installed a resilient system of secondary trails and a large platforms. The trail is reinforced with a stabilizing system to resist erosion during the river’s rise and fall. The platforms are made of sturdy, low-impact materials to create a resting place and a natural “wildland seat” during low Spring water levels, making it a destination for crabbing, picnicking, and fishing.


©Chill Shine丘文三映
©Chill Shine丘文三映
©Chill Shine丘文三映



The site’s apparent lush, native vegetation is the result of careful restoration and rehabilitation . The fact that these design “moves” are virtually undetectable for visitors is fundamental to the project’s success.


▽设计分析 Design analysis

©SWA Group



Due to the construction of roadworks around the site, several topographical features in the park were disturbed and needed to be restored. Ecological reshaping was best undertaken vertically, so as to maintain the original topography as much as possible while reducing dredging and filling. The new park’s drainage is divided into four major systems to accommodate elevation intervals and natural catchment areas. Surface water at and surpassing 195 meters above sea level is collected into the park’s ecological filtration system; between 186-195 meters above sea level, water is intercepted and filtered by a drainage ditch at 186 meters and fed back into the natural system.


▽场地排水分析 Design analysis

©SWA Group



The area below 186 meters in elevation is the main subsidence zone. We used a substantial number of hardy plantings to stabilize the bank slope and prevent soil erosion.. In accordance with the design’s emphasis on native species, SWA instated five different levels of tree groups. Planting communities for the understory included “backbone” upland planting, upland cultural planting, wetland planting, and both highland and lowland planting in the fluctuation zone – all responding to the the site’s elevations and flooding cycles. The design identified and implemented crucial flood-tolerant tree species that thrive at the 176-to-200- meter elevation level , enriching the site with shade while providing a firm basis for understory plantings. Dawn redwood, bald cypress, and black poplar were amply used to withstand the nearly 10-meter annual seasonal water level change.


▽植物设计分析 Plant Design analysis

©SWA Group


设计师寄语 Conclusion


Green spaces and plazas in every city should be places of ecological restoration; places of empathy, where nature and people nourish one another. Regardless of whether we have greenery at home, parks in the city reinforce thinking about ways to better protect and cherish our environments. With the design of Jinhaiwan Park, SWA hopes that every designer is inspired to leave ego behind in service of true discovery of the sites within which we are privileged to work − and that in turn, their designs will lead to unique, creative explorations based on place, culture, and sincerity.


©Chill Shine丘文三映



设计公司:SWA Group
主创设计师:Ye Luo 罗晔
设计团队:Richard Crockett, Yu-chung Li 李宇中, Bingyao Zhu 朱冰瑶, Rene’ Bihan, Jing Guo 郭菁, Wan-chih Yin 殷菀之
客户:重庆两江新区管委会 – 李淙钰、余志勇、饶毅、艾明全、季治纲、伍庆
景观设计深化及施工图:重庆英才景观设计建设(集团)有限公司 – 刘扬、刘国翠、 向辉
摄影师:Chill Shine丘文三映

Project Name: Jinhaiwan Riverfront Park – Waterfront Activity Area
Completion year: 2020
Project area: 30 hectares
Project Location: West Jinhai Avenue, Dazhulin Street, Liangjiang New District, Chongqing
Design firm: SWA Group
Company website: www.swagroup.com
Contact email: business@swagroup.com
Chief Designer: Ye Luo Luo Ye
Design Team: Richard Crockett, Yu-chung Li, Bingyao Zhu , Rene’ Bihan, Jing Guo, Wan-chih Yin
Client: Chongqing Liangjiang New Area Management Committee – Li Congyu, Yu Zhiyong, Rao Yi, Ai Mingquan, Ji Zhigang, Wu Qing
Landscape design deepening and construction drawings: Chongqing Yingcai Landscape Chongqing Yingcai Landscape Design and Construction (Group) Co., Ltd – Yang Liu, Guocui Liu, Hui Xiang



审稿编辑: Maggie

更多 Read more about: SWA Group