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ZhiXing Architects: The project is located in the Zhexi Reservoir, Anhua County, Hunan Province. The project was formerly a timber factory with a history of more than 60 years. In the past two decades, it was abandoned due to the decline of the timber company and became an idle facility in the countryside.


▽暮色下的建筑仿佛是水库的灯塔 Aerial view of the building in the evening is like the lighthouse of reservoir

▽水池、庭院、连廊、水吧、远山层层推进 From the pool to the distant mountains, the level of scenery


01 现状:湖心半岛的五座弃置建筑 Present situation



In 2019, it was established by Anhua Meishan City Investment Group Co., Ltd. invested and transformed it into a supporting homestay along the lake ring of the Zhexi Reservoir Scenic Area. It hopes to revitalize the idle resources in rural areas through design and transformation, then promote the revitalization of local villages and the development of tourism.

The site consists of five vacant buildings, namely the office building (Building 1) of the original timber company, the restaurant (Building 2), the dormitory (Building 3 and 5), and the pigsty (Building 4). Due to the large construction area and limited cost, we intend to use the principles of low cost, minimal intervention, and making the best use of the situation to carry out renovation and utilization from the perspective of rational allocation of renovation budget. According to the respective positional relationship, landscape conditions and morphological characteristics of the five buildings, find their respective appropriate functional positioning.


▽原始场地鸟瞰 Aerial view of site

▽改造前的建筑 Buildings before renovation


02 一片水杉、一座回廊、一面镜池:场所精神的发掘和强化 Genius Loci


Focusing on buildings separately, the existing buildings unfold in a zigzag shape on the site, and the existing space experience is relatively monotonous; expanding the observation scope to the entire site, many tall dawn redwood trees on the site and the building together enclose a quiet, introverted courtyard with soft borders. The space enclosed by these tall trees is impressive. Therefore, we hope to use a corridor space to strengthen this introverted site temperament, so that more residents can perceive this introverted and quiet space atmosphere; in the center of the corridor, we set up a mirrored pool, hoping that through the reflection on the water surface, reveals the space above the courtyard for the residents and guides the residents’ sight upward to observe the tall and straight beauty of the tall dawn redwood.


▽总图前后对比 Before and after of mater plan

▽俯瞰建筑 Overlook

▽组成元素轴测图 Composition elements axonometric

▽水杉树与水池引导视线向上延伸 Trees and pool guide sight upward

▽连廊与主楼形成回字形流线 Corridor and the main building form a O-shaped streamline

▽俯瞰中庭 Overlooking courtyard



The corridor system enriches the choice of traffic flow lines for residents and transforms the original monotonous straight-line streamline of the building complex into a more experiential return-shaped streamline. It relieves the interference of the one-shaped streamline on the functions along the way, relieves the traffic pressure of the trunk line, and maintains the privacy of the hotel guests. According to the current position of the dawn redwood trees in the site, the shape of the corridor is twisted and enclosed, forming several patios and yards of different shapes, bringing a richer and more interesting tour experience to the guests. And the horizontal extension of the corridor also strengthens the presence of the vertical form of the dawn redwood trees.


▽连廊转折限定出多重院落 The twisting corridor form divide several yards

▽阳光透过林木和连廊带来的光影变化 The light and shadow changes brought by the trees and corridor

▽连廊通向中庭 Corridor Leads To Courtyard

▽带有阳光棚的露台成为动线上的焦点 2nd Floor terrace with a sunny shed becomes the focus of the circulation


03一座滨水大堂:山水林木间的“灯塔”Waterfront Lighthouse


According to the on-site investigation, we found a collapsed house foundation near the water bank. After verification by the relevant personnel of the original timber company, it was confirmed that there was a house here, and this site has become a rare site with new construction conditions. Due to the poor road traffic conditions around the site, boating has become the most reasonable and interesting way to log in to the peninsula. We hope that this waterside building will become the check-in lobby and water bar for the peninsula and become a landmark like a lighthouse. At the same time, it is also hoped that this building can provide a visual focus between the mountains and rivers for the visiting guests and create a sense of anticipation in the process of landing on the island.


▽场地原始情况 Original condition of site

▽置入水吧 Put In Water Bar

▽层峦叠嶂间的建筑 Architecture and far mountains

▽建筑与环境相融 Water bar and reservoir blend together



There are many tall dawn redwood trees, that blocking the magnificent landscape of the river, in the land area of the waterside lobby. The owner once wanted to cut down all the dawn redwood forests to open up the view of the landscape, but the lush dawn redwood trees also injected a unique place feature into the site. Through communication with the owner, we have retained most of the dawn redwood trees. The distribution points of the dawn redwood trees determine the outline of the building. Through multiple surveying and mapping and repeated laying out, the final lobby construction was successfully “stuck” into the gaps of the dawn redwood trees. Some of the unavoidable trees were not cut off, but responded with patios and corridor spaces, achieving the interspersed symbiosis of trees and the water bar.


▽场地被水杉树环绕 Site Is surrounded by dawn redwood trees

▽主入口大门与水吧廊桥Main entrance

▽入口看向水吧Looking towards the water bar

▽远山、树影被引入室内Water bar interior and scenery

▽水吧与水杉的穿插,水平与竖直的对比Water bar and dawn redwood trees, Horizontal and vertical contrast


04 五座建筑:砖混结构的限制与景观体验的激活 Structure and Landscape



“Keep the original appearance as much as possible, and the area can only be increased but not reduced.” This is an important factor emphasized by the timber company and the owner in the early design communication.

The original building is a brick-concrete structure. Due to the limitation of the room size of the original office building and the small bays and depths, we expanded an area along the façade to get rid of the limitation of the original structure and present a more open space appearance. The expanded area will maximize the introduction of natural outside views into the interior, creating a relaxing space with an outward view in each guest room.


▽单体改造策略Transformation Strategy

▽中庭前后对比Before and after of the courtyard

▽阳台体块Balcony blocks

▽Loft客房内景Loft suite interior view

▽花式砖墙带来独特光影体验Unique brick-building method brings out-standing experience

▽客房阳台Suite balcony

▽吊锅包厢与天窗Private banquet room and skylight

▽新旧体量的结合Starry sky suite: mix of new and old


▽星空屋外扩景观客厅Extended Landscape Living Room

▽层林掩映中的客房Aerial view of entrance steps and guest rooms

▽沿码头台阶拾级而上Looking at main entrance from pier

▽客房内景Guest room interior view


05 一段记忆:保留原真痕迹,延续场地故事 Memories and stories


The lumber factory has experienced ups and downs in the past 60 years. The fence gates and tile murals of the site have all witnessed historical changes. Retaining the original elements of the site and activating the status quo at the least cost is the expectation of the client, and it is also an inevitable choice for a project with a low budget. After locating the site gates, walls, murals, and trees, we actively utilized these site elements in the subsequent design. Many fragments that were regarded by the construction party as “unreserved value” were almost demolished several times during the construction because of “causing trouble”. After repeated communication in the process, they were finally retained. We hope that when guests experience the renovated homestay, they can still capture the traces of people and events left on the site from the 1960s to the 1990s, and continue to tell the story of the site together with these traces.


▽入口原状Original condition of entrance

▽水平的连廊与垂直的水杉Horizontal corridor and vertical dawn redwood trees

▽保留入口大门Preserving original entrance gate

▽原有配电房及宣传瓷砖壁画Original power room and tile murals

▽保留瓷砖宣传壁画Preserving tile murals

▽静谧的中庭夜景Courtyard night view

▽连廊形态限定下的中庭景观 By blocking the view, the corridor is similar to a viewfinder

▽新建路径、构架与保留树木的互动Newly paved footpath and constructions with preserving trees


▽总平面图 Site Plan

▽一层平面图 First Floor Plan

▽二层平面图 Second Floor Plan

▽负一层平面图 Basement Floor Plan

▽水吧北立面图North Elevation of Water Bar

▽主楼西立面图West Elevation of Main Building






设计公司:之行建筑事务所 及 永信和瑞工程咨询有限公司
主创建筑师:陈恺、周子乔(之行建筑事务所) 及 刘畅宜(永信和瑞工程咨询有限公司)
摄影师: 建筑-陈远祥(山兮建筑摄影)

Project Name:Situ Phoenix Island Hotel Renovation
Architecture Firm: ZhiXing Architects & Yongxinherui Engineering Consulting CO.,LTD.
Contact e-mail: info@zhixing-architects.com
Completion Year:2021
Gross Built Area:2900㎡( 2300㎡before renovation)
Project location: Anhua County ,Yiyang,Hunan,China
Lead Architects: Chen Kai, Zhou Ziqiao (ZhiXing Architects) & Liu Changyi (Yongxinherui Engineering Consulting CO.,LTD.)
Design Team: Deng You, Peng Siyu, Xue Tao
Clients: Anhua Meishan City Investment Group
Structure:Cui Hao
Drainage: Jian Yali
Electric: Deng Yifan
Photo credits: Chen Yuanxiang




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