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Parallect Design: Siming Mountain is located in Siming Mountain Town, Yuyao City, Ningbo, Zhejiang Province. It has the magnificent momentum of Longhu Mountain and the exquisite strange stones of Tuerling. It is known as a natural “oxygen bar”. Sanyo Tea House is located on the top of the mountain and is a building renovation project based on the original tea mountain pavilion.


▽鸟瞰图,Bird’s-eye view 

© 徐英达


© 徐英达


场地记忆 Site memory



The first time I arrived at the scene was on a rainy day in April. As I walked up the road from the foot of the mountain, I thought of the scene described by Tao Yuanming in his work ‘Peach Blossom Spring’: ‘At first, the path was narrow and only allowed one person to pass through. After walking a few dozen steps, it suddenly opened up’.

The existing building is a recreational supporting structure consisting of a wooden corridor and pavilion, and the two structures were not built at the same time. The site faces the Siming Lake and is backed by a bamboo forest on the surrounding mountains. The bamboo forests on the east and north sides give a strong sense of enclosure. In such a space with abundant natural resources, both we and the client believe that the project should establish a long-term connection with nature and reawaken users’ perception of nature. Based on the spatial perception of the site, we propose two important design points as the starting point of the design: micro-intervention and landscape viewing.



意志载体 Spirit carrier



The mountain is a kitchen, with ingredients and tools at the foot of the mountain, in the mountains, and among the trees. The firewood from the self-sustaining forest needs to be chopped down and ignited, instead of using coal gas and electricity. The firewood, combined with slow cooking, carries a message from the mountain: there is no need to be impatient, but to wait. Wait for breathing, wait for fruits and vegetables to ripen, wait for rainwater, wait for sunlight. When the time comes, the mountain will present its abundance to you.

The theme of mountain range is actually a proposition with very Chinese characteristics. Mountain range represents the concentrated embodiment of traditional Chinese humanistic emotions – the pursuit of a secluded environment. Although there is also a hermit culture in the West, the so-called Western retreat is a return to the original state, while the Chinese state of seclusion is physically far from the hustle and bustle, but internally pursuing higher-level cultural pursuits. This state is difficult to present in material form, just like Wang Yangming mentioned in ‘Investigating Things and Extending Knowledge’: human nature cannot be changed, and there is an inherent connection between ‘intention’ and ‘action’. The core idea of traditional Chinese humanistic emotions may be to pursue such a realm. Therefore, our vision is to simplify and reduce people’s dependence on physical space as much as possible on the basis of meeting the basic functional needs of the tea room, leaving more undefined space integrated with nature for users. This is crucial. Therefore, respect for and compliance with the environment become the main design orientation of our plan. The mountain range tea room has become a place for people to ‘investigate things’, which is also the original intention of building it.


▽爆炸图,Exploded view 

© 平介设计

▽山顶远看,View from the top of mountain 

© 徐英达


建筑转译 Architecture translation


One of the most striking features of the tea room is a long strip of folding windows facing Siming Lake, occupying an entire wall like a unique frame. In pleasant weather, these horizontally folding windows can be fully opened, allowing guests to enjoy the breathtaking scenery and the pleasant feeling of the breeze on their faces at any time.


▽朝内山看,Look at the mountain 

© 徐英达

▽朝外湖看,Look at the lake

© 徐英达

▽金属置物架,Metal Shelf 

© 徐英达



The perception of architecture comes from various aspects, including space, light and shadow, materials, and experience, which together constitute the overall expression of the building. The interplay between materials not only involves the mutual influence of color and light and shadow, but also the tactile texture of materials. During the construction process, when the cement floor was first poured, I felt a sense of disharmony because the heaviness and roughness of this material seemed somewhat abrupt in the entire space. However, I decided to continue the construction and observe the development. When the walls were finished with micro-cement and stainless steel countertops, I looked back at that piece of antique-coated cement floor. At this point, its rough texture seemed to blend in naturally, and the layering of materials became apparent.


▽入口处景色,View from the entrance 

© 徐英达

▽金属、木头、水泥材料的碰撞,Collision of metal, wood and concrete 

© 徐英达
© 徐英达



Based on the concept of ecological protection and restoration, furniture, doors, and shelves indoors and outdoors are all made on-site using local bamboo and wood materials. When sunlight shines on these weathered old woods, they exhibit a particularly natural texture and vivid colors. A balance needs to be struck between delicacy and roughness, as overly dense details may make people uncomfortable, while overly rough surfaces may appear crude. Therefore, it is crucial to accurately grasp this degree and relationship. At the same time, the architect’s personal perception is also a key factor, as each of their decisions will affect the overall atmosphere of the building after completion.


▽外摆细节,Exterior detail 

© 徐英达

▽竹木家具,Bamboo and wood furniture 

© 徐英达



The irregularly rectangular foundation of the original site was retained, and a portion of the outdoor lawn was placed indoors.


▽保留原场地景观,Retained the original landscape

© 徐英达

▽杯托细节,Cup holder detail 

© 徐英达




We have designed seats of different heights, so that surprises will continuously occur as people’s bodies and lines of sight change with the changing seating arrangements. The landscapes seen from the windows will also become rich and diverse. This playfulness arises when you inadvertently discover these viewing angles.

In accordance with the natural geographical features of the Yangmei Garden, several open-air business areas are created outdoors using an embedded approach. This is achieved by constructing retaining walls, paving with gray gravel, and using wooden furniture to weaken the sense of intrusion on nature in this area, blending it harmoniously with the surrounding environment.


▽外部细节,Exterior detail 

© 杨楠
© 徐英达

▽山顶远看夜景,Nightscape from the top of mountain 

© 徐英达

▽从室外东侧看向室内,View from the east side of the exterior looking into the interior 

© 徐英达
© 徐英达

▽从东侧草坪看向室内,View from the east lawn looking indoors © 徐英达

© 徐英达



The interaction with the surrounding environment is of utmost importance in any building. The environment itself has its unique atmosphere, and different surroundings give buildings different characteristics. Buildings that ignore the surrounding environment can only be considered as products that meet functional needs, without showcasing diversity and vitality. Engaging in architectural design in a rich and colorful environment is delightful. The surrounding streets, trees, villages, bamboo forests, mountains, etc. should all be taken into consideration in architectural design to create buildings that are vibrant and diverse. As the saying goes, ‘People on the bridge are enjoying the scenery, while people in the building are being watched.’ Things depend on and relate to each other, making life poetic. Standing at the foot of the mountain and looking at the tea house, the tea house itself becomes a scenery, and at the same time, people inside the tea house can fully appreciate the beautiful views of Siming Mountain and Siming Lake. There is a certain distance between people, but through observation and being observed, this subtle connection is integrated into the expression of space, adding interest and emotional depth.


▽从内山看向建筑,View of the building from the inner mountain 

© 徐英达
© 徐英达

▽从山下看向建筑,View of the building from the bottom of the mountain 

© 李栽培

▽不同取景,Different views in the building 

▽手工模型,Manual model 

© 平介设计

▽剖面图,Section drawing

© 平介设计

▽总平面图,Site plan 

© 平介设计

▽首层平面图,Ground plan

© 平介设计



Project name: Mountopia Tea Café at the foot of the Siming Mountain
Project type: Architecture renovation
Design: Parallect Design
Website: www.parallect-design.com
Contact e-mail: info@parallect-design.com
Design year: 2023.4
Completion Year: 2023.10
Leader designer & Team: Jiang Wu, Nan Yang, Xiangdong Xiao
Project location:Henglu Village, Lianglang Town, Yuyao City, Zhejiang Province, China
Gross built area: 150㎡
Photo credit: Yingda Xu, Zaipei Li, Nan Yang
Partner: Shanghai Hengtai Architecture Design Consulting Co. LTD, Zhejiang Huida Decoration Engineering Co. LTD
Clients: Mountopia Project , Yuejie Brand Consulting
Materials:Aluminum-magnesium-manganese panels, calcium silicate panels, microc cement, folding sliding windows
Brands:Hangzhou Fengfan New Material Co., Ltd, Guangdong Shunde Lacaijia Building Material Co., Ltd, Hunan Changle Building Material Co., Mywindow



审稿编辑  Maggie

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