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Edwin Mintoff：The structure known as Macina forms part of St. Michael’s bastion, a critical part of the city of Senglea’s landward defense. The shear bastion derives its name from its use, a mechanism for ship mast fitting, known as a ‘macchina’, which was active from the early 17th century. The machine was originally made of strong hardwood, but in 1864 the British changed it to a modernized steel structure. In 1927 the machine was dismantled by the Admiralty in favour of a floating lift crane, and the Macina has subsequently been used for a variety of purposes including the Admiralty’s Head Office, a Trade School and a Political Party headquarters. More recently it has been used as an exhibition space for special events. The structure was unfortunately severely damaged during the Second World War.
Through the creation of the guesthouse and ancillary facilities, life was breathed back to the beautiful but at the time derelict building. The concept behind all design decision was to focus on the culture and character of the Cottonera area, so as to satisfy the increasing demand in cultural tourism.
The main intervention within the structure was to join the existing two parts of the building (that is the Macina and the Annex), through the creation of a panoramic lift and a lightweight bridge. The new layout now accommodates a guesthouse at ground, first and second floor, accommodating a total of 21 guestrooms. A restaurant, cafeteria and spa are located at ground floor and a restaurant and bar area are located on public area at level 3. The design of the new building’s layout and circulation was largely based on respecting the existing historic fabric of the structure whilst best showcasing the beauty of the existing vault spaces. All new additions were planned so as to fit in seamlessly within the existing historic stone. The pool was placed especially to be hidden within the existing balustrade, ensuring that the pool structure is largely hidden from view but allows swimmers to enjoy the picturesque marina views.
The façade of the building was expertly restored with most of the stone being retained, with only a small portion of the lower courses being changed, using careful chiseling techniques and utilization of appropriate fair-faced finish masonry elements. The existing façade has been enhanced with the introduction of black apertures adding an additional dimension of interest through contrast and shadow effect with the existing stone façade. All rooms are luxuriously planned and all enjoy sea views. The vast majority of the existing stone structure was left on site, and in particular all the metal fixtures belonging to the historic crane mechanism were preserved and left visible, along with part of the existing flagstone.
The roof, or gun platform level, is now utilized as a restaurant which is open to the public. Skylights which had been previously closed up have now been re-opened to allow natural light to enter the structure. The façade has been enhanced with the introduction of black apertures adding an additional dimension of interest through the contrast and shadow effect with the stone façade. The design development, and the subsequent restoration and construction process was a long and laborious process where many challenges were faced. As construction began, certain areas were found to be more structurally instable than previously envisaged had to be completed replaced following careful considerations.
The structure’s original layout consisted of numerous large vaults of massive construction constructed within the bastion over three floors. The large office block of the left hand side of the main building originally had four large rooms over each floor with a rear backyard. The original gun platform of the bastion covered the entire area of the roof building.
The vault which was severely damaged in the Second World War was reconstructed using concrete, so that this intervention would be visually distinguishable from the remaining original masonry, which was cleaned and repaired. The roof slabs which were in a state of considerable disrepair were replaced by new slabs which also served to tie the building frame together. In particular, the slab underneath the new pool structure was designed as a rigid structural member to further stabilise the building frame. Due to the large spans over the existing vaults, precast t-beams were utilised so as to provide a substructure for the wooden decking at roof level. Even the lift steel structure, which is connected to the existing masonry structure at each level, further stabilises the overall structure in its entirety by acting as a core.
EM建筑事务所因其Macina项目获得了德国艺术博物馆(Din l-Art Helwa)建筑修复和再利用奖，以及马耳他酒店、旅游住宿和休闲建筑奖，并入围了Premju Galizia城市再生奖。
EM Architects have been awarded both the Din l-Art Helwa prize for The Rehabilitation and Re-Use of Buildings and the Malta Architect Award in Hospitality, Tourism Accommodation and Leisure for our Macina project, and have also been shortlisted for the Premju Galizia Urban Regeneration Award.
EM Architects have now been also awarded the European Prix Versailles UNESCO World Architecture & Design Award for their restoration of the Macina, which is now the Cugó Gran Macina Grand Harbour hotel in Senglea.
项目名称：Cugó Gran Macina Grand Harbour
建筑事务所：Dr. Edwin Mintoff Architects
首席建筑师：埃德温·明托夫博士，建筑师Pietro di Raimondo
Project name: Cugó Gran Macina Grand Harbour
Completion Year: 2018
Size: approximately 1,500 sqm
Project location: Senglea, Malta
Architecture Firm: Dr. Edwin Mintoff Architects
Contact e-mail: email@example.com
Lead Architects: Dr. Edwin Mintoff, Architect Pietro di Raimondo
Photo credits: Alan Carville
Photographer’s website: https://www.alancarvillephotography.com/
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