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Lab D+H: Shenzhen OPower Culture and Arts Center is a practice of “super-renewal” led by landscape architects in pursuit of a more sustainable urban environment. It applies a critical renewal approach in order to conserve the diverse functionality, historical culture, and common memory of the city.
项目概述 PROJECT OVERVIEW
The landscape team invigorated the site with innovative design techniques, transforming a primarily industrial space into a hub for public activity and relaxation. Built on the land of the former Huazhong Power Plant, OPower Culture and Arts Center integrates natural ecology and urban living to create a composite space that offers room for entertainment, leisure, and business. Its “new energy” has brought excitement to the local community and displays the youthful vitality of the city of Shenzhen.
▽项目鸟瞰 Aerial View
场地现状 SITE CONDITION
The Huazhong Power Plant site is adjacent to Qiaoxiang Road and Swan Lake. There is a height difference between the site and the surrounding land on the west and north sides, with water on the south side. The plant once accounted for generating 70% of the power consumption for Shenzhen’s Overseas Chinese Town (OCT) and its surrounding scenic areas, but the heavy oil power generation method used by the plant caused serious pollution for the steadily increasing population of residents. Therefore, in 2006, all the power plant units were shut down and gradually abandoned. All that remained of the oil filtration system was three oil storage tanks, a few smokestacks, a pipeline system, and a small part of the factory.
▽改造前场地原状 Site as it is
▽发电厂历史遗迹 Power Plant Historic Site
设计策略 DESIGN STRATEGY
In order to revitalize the industrial site for modern times, the landscape team paid respect to the site’s texture and extracted circular elements such as oil tanks and water towers as the core design. According to the functions of crude oil, five design groups were formed, which spread outwards and interweave to link the natural ecology in the city. This innovative urban “super-renewal” project adopts the fashionable and visually striking “Shenzhen blue” as its primary color tone, and uses modern design language to enter the original industrial space. The massive scale is weakened to meet the living needs of the local community and to build a practical public landscape system.
节点设计 NODE DESIGN
延续记忆 Industrial Heritage
The original layout of the power plant was composed of four areas: unloading, oil storage, power generation, and cooling. The four areas included three heavy oil and light oil tanks, a storage tank, power equipment, and a cooling tank, respectively. In order to preserve the heritage of the site and reshape its space, the landscape team innovatively incorporated new materials into the design. Historical information about the site is superimposed within the park, and the “light” and “heat” of the former power plant glow with modern significance in a new context.
▽更新后的电厂鸟瞰 Aerial View
As much as possible, the structure and details of the factory building are preserved in the site. Three heavy oil tanks were transformed into space that can be used for gardening, outdoor theater, recreation, and exhibition. Some of the concrete structures were reinforced so they could be used again. Pipes and industrial facilities were taken out to create landscape space. And, many old power generation installations are hidden in the site. All of these design decisions were made to evoke the historical memory of the plant.
▽景观局部鸟瞰 Aerial View
▽三个储存重油的油罐被改造成多功能空间 Three oil tanks storing heavy oil are transformed into a multifunctional space
▽消失的管道和工业设施重新组合后形成景观空间 Disappeared pipelines and industrial facilities are recombined to form a landscape space
自然渗透 Blending of Nature
A large number of trees and shrubs, diverse in species, form a patch of dense shade at the site. While retaining the trees with good shape and growth, the landscape team creatively planted large Chinese tallow and Madagascar almond trees, transforming the power plant into a “natural forest”. The complementing different levels of greenery allow natural elements to infiltrate into the park. The Rainwater Ecological Garden is located by the shore of Swan Lake, where the metasequoia trees form a perch for birds to rest on. This attracts the return of egrets, and the platform overhanging the water provides visitors with an opportunity to get close to nature.
▽被自然包裹的电厂 Power Plant Surrounded by Nature
互动体验 Interactive Experience
At the heart of the square, where history and modernity meet, a concrete frame once used for safety has been transformed into a waterfall, beneath which is a map of the original power plant. The original lamp posts were also retained and turned into projection lights.
▽利用保留的混凝土构架改造成景观落水瀑布 Use the retained concrete frame to transform it into a landscape waterfall
▽结合现代化设计，打在数字化灯光投影设计 Combined with modern design, playing in digital lighting projection design
The tank has been transformed into an oil-themed children’s playground with a walkable bridge, a swing, and a slide. While playing, children can learn fun facts about science from the park’s layout.
▽儿童游乐的主题“油乐园” The theme of children’s play “Oil Paradise”
The “Tank Garden” is formed from three oil storage tanks. A bridge bisects the tanks, allowing visitors to enjoy the beautiful scenery of Swan Lake. The inner walls are engraved with the history of the Huazhong Power Plant, while the end of the tank is a museum of light and shadow.
▽“罐花园” “Tank Garden”
Due to the decay of the power plant, the original cooling tower is long gone. However, the landscape team was able to retain the original concrete structure and rebuild the cooling tower as a unique “mist theater” called Kuleyuan. Surrounded by coffee shops and restaurants, it is a quiet and fun place to relax.
▽水雾剧场“酷乐园” Water Mist Theater “Cool Paradise”
▽“酷乐园”夜景 “Cool Paradise” night view
材料与细节 Materials and Other Details
In order to meet the needs of locals, the landscape design decided to use orange stone concrete UHPC and other materials in a simple, integrated pouring procedure. Field proofing and step-by-step control ensured that this groundbreaking project could be achieved on time and under budget. In the landscape-led design process, a team of consultants including Liangxiang and Sushui Design collaborated to integrate and advance the signage system and waterscape design.
▽细节展示 Show details
深圳新景观地标 A NEW SHENZHEN LANDMARK
An urban renewal project led by landscape design, the OPower Culture and Arts Center carries on the historical context of the site and connects its creative cultural theme with the three-dimensional landscape of the surrounding community. In this way, it realizes the organic integration of an industrial site and natural landscape, with functionality for recreation and commerce. The revitalized space is transformed into a sustainable urban ecological park and public space capable of hosting a variety of activities. Since its completion, OPower has quickly grown into an important landscape landmark of Shenzhen, demonstrating the attitude and vitality of the Garden City.
景观设计：Lab D+H SH上海事务所
Project location: Shenzhen Overseas Chinese Town
Project area: 10000㎡
Landscape Design: Lab D+H SH
Design directors: Li Zhongwei, Lin Nan
Design team: Huang Shiqi, Pan Xiaowen, Zhang Qiran, Li Xiujuan, Hu Yaxian, Shen Yijun, Wu Ye, Zhang Jiaqian, Xiao Xiongxin, Qin Chao, Liu Huan, Luo Longyuan
Deepen the construction drawing design: Qin Chao, Liu Huan, Luo Longyuan
Construction period: 2021.08-2022.08
Owner unit: Shenzhen Overseas Chinese Town
Landscape Matching Person: Luke
Landscape construction unit: Fujian Huayuan Construction Engineering Group, Shenzhen Guoyi Garden Construction Co., Ltd.
Architectural Design: Shenzhen Huahui Architecture
Logo Consultant: Good Phase
Waterscape Consultant: Sushui
Lighting Consultant: If Si
Photography copyright: Lu Bing, DID Studio, Liangxiang, some pictures are from the Internet
更多 Read more about: Lab D+H