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KMCM : “We shall give top priority to ecological protection, take the ecological effect as the core of the design, fully exert the ecological benefits of green spaces, increase the amount of urban green space, and improve the urban ecological space system. As a matter of fact, the landscape is the complex of the natural, ecological, and geographical conditions, the ecological system highlighting the interactive effects, and the heterogeneous area composed of embedded spaces. On the other hand, it is formed by different land units with distinct visual land features, ranking at the intermediate level beyond the ecological system but below the grand geological region, and having economic, ecological and cultural values.”
Zhuhai is a beautiful city featured with significant atmosphere of modern culture. It is a coastal city with mountainous and island scenery. From the romantic leisure beach to the European-style midnight bar, from the crowded entertainment square to the tranquil cultural museum, the connotation of Zhuhai culture has been expanded, which become an indispensable urban characteristic of Zhuhai.
This project is located in Doumen District of Zhuhai, which is part of the Pearl River Delta with low and flat terrain, dense river network, and waterfront dwellers. Local conditions shall be taken into account, so to make the design represent the harmonious fusion of the city and the mountainous/water pattern.
▽项目区位 Project location
东堤路滨河景观工程（宁海段），整个公园占地约 3 万平方米，其中新增段占地面积约 1.3 万平方米，提升段占地面积约 1.7 万平方米。
Dongdi Road Waterfront Project (Ninghai Section) covers a total area of about 30,000m² , including the newly added section of about 13,000m² and the improving section of about 17,000m².
The newly added section is located at the bridge approach part of the Dongweiyong Bridge, which is the first node that the vehicle drivers pass by after driving down the bridge. It is featured with unique location advantages and broad vision. The Huangyang Mountain at the west bank is visible from here, making the position of this project an urban observation platform.
For the section to be improved, since it was constructed long ago, its design style is no longer in line with the modern city image of the new area. Meanwhile, the old area still faces a series of problems, such as low-quality landscape experience, disorderly greening space, and lack of facilities to take a rest, etc.
▽绿色开放空间节点 Green and open space node
The intersection part of the waterfront greenway and the urban green space connects the green space at the north side of the road, forming an uninterrupted green and open space
四通八达便捷性的市民公园 Civil park with convenient traffic conditions
It is surrounded by convenient traffic conditions, adjacent to a bus station, keeps close relation with the city, and attracts citizens to visit the waterfront green space.
▽珠海斗门打造合作区生态门户 Zhuhai Doumen is to create the ecological portal of the cooperation area
As the first 3-dimensional urban landscape platform of Doumen, it aims to build up the “one river, two banks” landscape. Meanwhile, it is also a livelihood project and heart-winning project. The area around it will be the “economic industrial belt” of Doumen district in the future, playing a vital role in the tourism development of Doumen.
让河道重新回归城市生活，元气满满 Bring the river back to the city life with full vitality
Reconnect the city with the river, Construct diversified riverbank activity space, Create a green landscape showing the characteristics of the city.
▽多元河岸活动空间 Multiple riverbank activity space
设计师说：”山”与”涛” Designer says: “mountain” and “wave”
Inspired by “mountain” and “wave”, the designer extracts the shape of wave and uses it as the design element of the park’s planning plane, meaning “mountains and rivers in Doumen” and echoing the idyllic landscape of Doumen. The designer embeds the natural ecological conditions into the prosperous urban life, making it the leading works in similar design cases.
▽灵感的提取与演绎 The extraction and interpretation of inspiration
Taking Lianxingerlu Road as the boundary, the design scope can be roughly divided into the newly added section and the improving section.
新增段——标志性的城市阳台 Newly added section — iconic city balcony
The newly added section of the project is planned to be built into an iconic city balcony and three-dimensional urban landscape platform, making it a highlight of the region and a new development engine for the inner bay of the Huangyang River. Besides the city balcony, the newly added section is also designed with a lawn and a wooden wave slide to enrich the urban public space, providing a comfortable place for a variety of civic activities.
It aims at create a three-dimensional city viewing platform which will be the highlight of the region. This section is located in the river bend area where two rivers converge. It has unique geological advantage and broad vision. The Huangyang Mountain on the west bank is visible from this natural viewing platform. The designer takes good use of the advantages of its location to build a three-dimensional urban landscape platform consisting of “city balcony”+ elevated walkway + viewing platform.
The “City Balcony” is designed under the inspiration of the fishing village culture of Doumen. The fishing boat is extracted and used in the design of plane modeling of the bridge. The project is 4.5 meters high, and looks like a ship setting sail, which is novel and practical.
▽得天独厚的位置优势，天然的城市观景点 Privileged location advantage, natural city viewing spot
During the Spring and Autumn Period, Guan Zhong wrote in his book Guanzi.Lizheng,”A country can be poor without green planting, but will become rich with green planting.” Prosperous trees and fresh water are not only the source of human survival and reproduction, but also the home of animals, birds and beasts. Water and soil conservation is a course beneficial for mankind, and needs to be undertaken by all people in the city.
▽打造空中城市阳台 更广阔的景观视野 Build the city balcony in the air, bring with broader landscape view
▽步移景异的空中步行体验 Above-ground walking experience, appreciate diversified scenes with steps forward
▽立体的滨水休闲空间 Three-dimensional waterfront leisure space
▽多样的立体空间体验 diversified three-dimensional spatial experience
Multiple levels and open vision, great green lawn, present the harmonious integration atmosphere of the city and the nature to the citizens.
▽多元河岸活动空间 Multiple riverbank activity space
▽休闲观景台 Leisure viewing platform
提升段——全新绿化理念的滨江 Improving section —— brand new waterfront greening
社区公园 Community park
It plans to create marvelous ecological environment, achieve sustainable interaction of three aspects: first, ecological sustainability; second, economic sustainability; third, social sustainability.
Due to historical reasons, the existing large-scale buildings and structures will be retained, while the existing greening space of the park will be optimized and connected by jogging tracks.
Four transformation and improvement strategies to optimize the green space — “the green space design is achieved based on the purposes of less maintenance and good effect.” The strategies include: retain the existing large-scale buildings, and healthy arbors with over 18cm diameter on the main paths of the park and the square; clean up shrubs, old and dead trees, old and damaged buildings and structures with poor landscape effect; renovate the ground lawn and ground cover pavement and square pavement; plant flowering tree species, characteristic flower landscape, characteristic city sculpture, and waterfront rest benches, so to enable people to better experience and appreciate the ecological nature and achieve harmonious integration of civilization with nature.
▽连接滨江的社区公园 Community park
美国著名生态学家 E ．奥德姆指出：”生态系统发展的原理，对于人类与自然的相互关系，有重要的影响：生态系统发展的对策是获得’最大的保护’，即力图达到对复杂生物量结构的最大支持；人类的目的则是’最大的生产量’，即力图获得最高可能的产量。”而城市阳台结合生态与文明实现其最大的文化价值，将它演变成高质量的城市名片。
E.Odum, the famous American ecologist pointed out that, “The principles of ecosystem development have important impact on the relationship between humans and the nature: The strategy of ecosystem development is to achieve ‘maximum conservation’, that is, to achieve maximum support for complex biomass structures; however, the human’s aim is ‘to maximum the production’, which means to try to achieve the highest possible output.” As a matter of fact, the city balcony combines the ecology and civilization together to maximize its cultural value, turning it into a high-quality city card.
▽自然绿色滨江 Natural green riverside
可持续的景观设计——引入海绵设施 Sustainable landscape design——introduction of sponge facility
Sponge city means that a city is “elastic” like a sponge and able to adapt to different environment changes and natural disasters: absorb water, store water, seep water, and purify water on rainy days and “release” and utilize the stored water whenever needed. The construction of sponge city follows relative principles like ecology-first, combining natural approaches artificial measures. On the premise of ensuring the safety of urban drainage and waterlogging, it aims to maximize the accumulation, penetration and purification of rainwater in urban areas, and promotes the utilization of rainwater resources and the protection of ecological environment.
▽可持续的弹性海绵城市设计 Sustainable elastic sponge urban design
雨水花园——微观海绵单元 Rain garden — microscopic sponge unit
It creates rain garden in the artificial wetland exhibition area, which collects and absorbs rainwater from the roof or ground, purifies the rainwater through the comprehensive action of plants and sands, and make it penetrate into the soil to conserve groundwater. It is an ecological and sustainable measure to control rainwater and flood.
The rain garden is featured with correspondingly increased biological properties. Therefore, in comparison, the rain garden will bring greater edge effect, isolation effect and ecological benefits to the site, create conditions for water purification, habitat of a variety of birds and creatures, and create rich landscape effects.
▽下凹绿地 透水铺装 Concave herbaceous field, permeable paving
下凹式绿地采用狭义的下沉式绿地，低于周边铺砌地面或道路在 200 mm 以内的绿地，设置在项目内大面积的活动草坪，用于滞留景观桥硬质铺装或透水及绿化的雨水。
Concave herbaceous field is actually the narrow sense of sunken green space, which is lower than the surrounding paved ground or road within 200mm away from the green space. The large area of function lawn set inside the project is used the detain the rainwater on the landscape bridge hard pavement or permeable and green planting rainwater.
For spaces like the square and road inside the park, the ecological paving is recommended because it can collect the rainwater, increase the rainwater infiltration, reduce the heat conductivity, and lower the development impact. According to the functional requirements of the site, different ecological paving such as grass tile, porous permeable paving syst
总体植栽设计 Overall planting design
The planting design takes less maintenance and excellent effect. For the plant allocation strategy, it aims to build comfortable, simple, and delicate green space by tall arbors and lawn on the ground. Meanwhile, the sponge facility, concave herbaceous field, and ornamental grasses and aquatic plants are also used to add ecological functions.
▽开放的大草坪空间及半围合的疏林草地空间为多种活动提供场所 Open lawn space and semi-enclosed scarce forest and grass space provide venue for various activities
Taking the fundamental interest of the citizens as the core, it explores the green land system suitable for urban environment according to the citizens’ demands on life, health, and aesthetics, and increases the green planting belt. On one hand, it represents relaxed integrity, namely the overall landscape of the nature in environment; on the other hand, it shows the self-guided integrity, that is: the ecological environment of the city formed around the nature.
▽滨江步道种植木棉花，打造诗意水岸，复原生态 Plant Kapok on waterfront footpath to create poetic waterfront and restore ecological
The fusion of natural beauty and artificial beauty relies on the aesthetic experience of the designer, which aims to sublimate the life, city, and humanistic care through deconstruction and reconstruction. There’s no static tree in the forest or non-flowing river. This is not only the static object, but also the nature of the existence of constant events, so to generate a sustainable ecological restoration.
Stevens is one of the greatest poets in America in the 20th century. His poem — Anecdote of the Jar can better describe the environment:
“I placed a jar in Tennessee, And round it was, upon a hill, It made the slovenly wilderness Surround that hill. The wilderness rose up to it, And sprawled around, no longer wild, The jar was round upon the ground And tall and of a port in air. It took dominion everywhere, The jar was gray and bare, It did not give of bird or bush, Like nothing else in Tennessee.”
▽被植物包裹的栈桥景观 A view of a trestle wrapped in plants
It improves the ecological green space system, and forms a large green space pattern in the regional scope at the macro level, so to present mountainous and water scenery to the public; At the middle level, it creates green space network within the urban area; At the micro level, it forms the green patches for citizen leisure and rest in the inner city. According to the nature and function of the city, the original harmonious condition is maintained in the relationship between man and nature, and is endowed with more abundant connotations. The city balcony enables more people to appreciate and feel the beautiful co-existence of man and nature.
Doumen District is located in the southwest end of the Pearl River Delta, west part of Zhuhai, consisting of low mountains, hills, platforms, plains and tidal flats. It has staggered and changing waterways. Due to the accumulation of natural and cultural history, the tourism resources in Doumen District include mountains, rivers, sea, island, spring, temple, culture, history and relics.
However, the way of life is no doubtedly diverse. Different types of landform in Doumen create a unified ecological environment for “city balcony”. In ecological civilization, we can create the diversified life styles and pursue the richness of life content. It gives top priority to ecology, takes ecological effect as the core, optimize the urban green ecological space system, so to achieve fusion of the city and the landscape pattern, present human resources and natural resources, endow unique characteristics to the city construction, landscape ecology and economic culture of Doumen.
设计时间：2018 . 09 – 2019 . 12
完成时间：2020 . 09 – 2022 . 03
Project Name: THE LANDSCAPE DESIGN OF DONGTI ROAD WATERFRONT PROJECT
Project address: Ninghai Century City, Dongdi Road, Doumen District, Zhuhai City
Project Party A: Zhuhai Hua-Ho Development and Construction Co., LTD
Design Unit: KMCM Group
Design team: Luo Wen, Li Yingzhen, Gao Lijuan, Huang Jiayong, Zhao Xiuhua, Chen Can, Lu Jing, Huang Xinping, Miao Yongzhong, Luo Mingfeng, Zhang Yipeng
Project area: 30,000 square meters
Project photography: Chill Shine
Design Time: September 2018 – December 2019
Completion time: September 2020 – March 2022
更多 Read more about: 广州科美都市景观设计