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EDGING A&LA: The Liyang Municipal Region is located in the Yangtze River Delta, known for its rich natural resources and highly convenient road transportation network. But in its hilly northwest, where the “Liyang Rural Tourist Highway’s Road to Happiness” is located, the development of tourist resources has lagged behind other regions for a long time. In recent years, strategies in China for rural revitalization and beautification together with increasing demand for rural tourism and private-car based tourism have brought new development opportunities to Liyang. These developments helped prompt the project of determining and constructing the route of the Liyang rural tourist highway.
▼项目视频 Project video
Through comprehensive analysis and scientific evaluation, the project carried out the route selection of Liyang Rural Tourism Highway (Liyang No. 1 Highway); at the same time, it carried out the greening renovation and important node design along the highway.
▼项目背景 Project background
难点与挑战 Project Difficulties & Challenges
(1)How to select the route? The rural road network in Liyang is divided into provincial, county and country highways. So which can best integrate transportation and tourist functions through designation as a tourist highway?
(2)What will be constructed? There are abundant scenic resources in the area, but they are scattered. So while ensuring that the project present a minimal disturbance to the ecological environment, what kind of tourist facilities are best suited for transforming scenic resources into tourist resources?
(3) How should it be constructed? With a limited construction budget, how can costs be controlled through the use of a gradient scale so as to highlight key resources and create points centered on core tourist attractions?
理念与策略 Design Strategy & Key Points
Selecting the tourist highway route through a comprehensive and scientific analysis
Based on factors such as ecological sensitivity, land suitability, the location of surrounding villages, distribution of tourist resources, landscape views, traffic accessibility and the radius of service facilities, a comprehensive analysis and evaluation is carried out. This determines the original route of the rural road and existing supporting facilities. It then scientifically re-determines the tourist road. The highway is 9.6 kilometers long, centering on “three mountains and two lakes” to connect 7 kinds of natural landscapes, such as farmland, fruit forests, fishponds, forests, wetland, reservoirs and tea gardens, and more. It link 32 natural villages and 21 rural tourist sites in Liyang. In addition, the Road to Happiness is symbolized through a neon logo composed of red, yellow and blue roads, representative of the colors of the rainbow.
▼旅游公路科学选线 Scientific Route Selection of Tourist Highway
Construction of a landscape model composed of “line + point” by focusing on the classification and construction of service stations
a. A Scenic-Centered Node—The Fairy Lake Courier Station: This is located at the best spot for observing Fairy Lake. It plays a scenic-centered role as the prototypical landscape node along the Tian Road segment of the Road to Happiness. The courier station covers an area of 5,181m2. Its architectural design is adapted to local conditions. Moreover, the architectural layout is well-proportioned and perfectly integrated into the natural environment. There is a coffee shop that provides visitors with a perfect place to stop and relax.
▼方案推演 Scheme deduction
▼景区导向型节点—神女湖驿站分析图 Scenic-oriented node—Analysis of Shennvhu Station
▼神女湖驿站鸟瞰 Aerial view of Shennvhu Station
▼神女湖驿站入口空间 Entrance space of Shennvhu Station
b. Cultural Theme Node—The Miluo Dam Tea House: Located on the site that links the Wawu and Yayi mountains, it covers a total area of 5,100 m2. Historically, this was an important place for poets to sing and recite poems. The design of the tea house is fully imbued with traditional Chinese cultural charm. It integrates the natural elements of mountains and water. As an important bearer of historical and cultural themes, it has become an elegant place for tourists to appreciate natural scenery and read poetry.
▼文化主题类节点—汨罗坝茶舍 Cultural theme node-Miluoba Tea House
▼文化主题类节点—汨罗坝茶舍鸟瞰 Cultural theme node-a bird’s-eye view of Miluoba Tea House
▼文化主题类节点—汨罗坝茶舍 Cultural theme node-Miluoba Tea House
c. Service and parking node—The Tangma Automobile Camp: Located on the west side of the No.1 Highway, adjacent to the Tangma Reservoir, it covers a total area of 9,000 m2. This RV camp meets the needs of multiple types of vehicles and different sorts of parking. It also offers diversified recreation. Wholesome folk customs, original town characteristics, and wetland landscape resources are used to reproduce a regional “peach orchard crossroad landscape.”
▼服务停靠类节点—塘马汽车营地分析图 Service parking node-Tangma car camp analysis diagram
▼服务停靠类节点—塘马汽车营地 Service parking node-Tangma car camp
▼塘马汽车营地门头 Tangma car camp gate
Application of green and low-carbon technologies
a. Fabricated construction: Construction adopts the combined use of panel prefabricated modules together with CLT component splitting + assembly. This allows for the full realization of ecological resources as well as the ability of wooden architecture to easily integrate into the natural environment. The use of wooden architecture improves the project’s durability, its seismic performance, and its overall construction efficiency. In addition, the intelligent solar heating and ventilation system is used to reduce the building’s consumption of energy by two thirds.
▼驿站采用现代木结构建筑，提高了建设效率，降低了建筑耗能；The post uses modern wooden structure buildings to improve construction efficiency and reduce building energy consumption;
b. Material selection: Firstly, stones native to the local area and other elements such as pebbles and bamboo fences are adopted to create a rustic landscape; Secondly, local material varieties of superior quality are used on the site in a reasonable manner in order to reduce future maintenance costs; Thirdly, aquatic plants, such as reeds, are planted to purify water quality and to enhance the rustic qualities of the site.
▼选用当地石材、卵石、竹篱笆等元素，打造乡野气息的淳朴景观，降低后期维护成本。 local stone, pebbles, bamboo fences and other elements are selected to create a rustic and rustic landscape and reduce subsequent maintenance costs.
c. Biological treatment of domestic sewage: The patented achievements of ecological filtration systems are used to treat sewage in biological pools, after which they are discharged into the natural water system in a planned manner after reaching adequate standards for landscape water discharge.
成果与效益 Achievements & Benefits
Improve tourist satisfaction and expand the connotation of tourist roads: The project hopes to improve the satisfaction of tourists and the happiness of villagers along the route, and expand the connotation of the tourist road. After the completion of the project, it has been widely recognized by the society, and the number of tourists has increased significantly compared with previous years. In this important section, large-scale events such as the National Bicycle Invitational Race, Jiangsu International Marathon, and Liyang Music Splashing Festival have also been held.
▼江苏省国际马拉松赛 Jiangsu International Marathon
▼全国自行车邀请赛 National Cycling Invitational
▼溧阳音乐泼水节 Liyang Music Songkran Festival
Create jobs and improve the happiness index of rural residents: The construction of the project promotes the multi-industry integration of rural tourism, cultural and creative industries, and agriculture. From farmhouse to rural tourism, it has improved the economic and commercial value of rural resources to a certain extent.
▼创新策略与多元合作机制 Innovation strategy and multiple cooperation mechanisms
▼通过理念创新、技术与方法创新、实践领域创新，以风景园林与美丽乡村建设，全域旅游发展的结合，一定程度上拓展了风景园林和探索的实践领域。 Through concept innovation, technology and method innovation, innovation in the field of practice, the combination of landscape architecture and beautiful rural construction, and the development of global tourism have expanded the field of practice of landscape architecture and exploration to a certain extent.
结语 Concluding remarks
More stations along Liyang Highway One are currently under design and construction. The station in Guanshan area northwest of Daxi reservoir, the goddess’s heart station in Wawushan area and Yinmatan station in Daxiwan that designed by EDGING are also expected to be completed… The service network of Liyang Highway 1 is increasingly improved.
The project won first place in the Public Network Selection of “Top 10 Most Beautiful Rural Roads in China in 2019”. In addition, it has been reported and publicized by many authoritative media sources, such as CCTV, and has hosted many investigative tours by government leaders, such as by the Ministry of Transport and Jiangsu Provincial Government. It is characterized by the development concept of prioritized ecological environment protection, marked by low impact and low intensity construction. It has followed the development policy and process of interdisciplinary cooperation and public participation, as well as adhered to a policy of guaranteeing villagers’ interests to the maximum extent. The project has great promotional and demonstrative significance for the development of rural tourist development and revitalization in China’s hilly areas.
Project name: The Wawu Mountain’s Road to Happiness: Route Selection and Station Design of Rural Tourism Road in Liyang City
Customer: Liyang Transportation Construction and Development Co., LTD
Project address: Liyang City, Jiangsu
Project design start and end time: 2017.04-2018.01
Project completion time: 2019.03
Project scale: a total length of 9.6km, a total designed area of 509581m2, of which the base area of Miluoba Station is 5100m2, the area of Tangma Station is 19300m2, and the area of Shennvhu Station is 5181m2
Design unit: Shanghai Edging A&LA CO., Ltd、Institute of Landscape Architecture, School of Design, Shanghai Jiaotong University
List of design team members: Tang Xiaomin, Wang Yun, Jiang Feng, Zhan Qi, Zhang Mingming, Zhang Yang, Yang Min, Wen Qianyong, Tang Zhihui, Huang Shulin, Yang Dongyu, Gui Guohua, Gong Meixiong, Wang Nan, Yin Jingyi
Cooperative design: Suzhou Kunlun Green Building Wood Structure Technology Co., Ltd.
Photography：Gao Wenjue、Che Baohua
审稿编辑 王琪 – Maggie
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