本文由 象界设计机构 授权mooool发表，欢迎转发，禁止以mooool编辑版本转载。
Thanks XJ Design for authorizing the publication of the project on mooool, Text description provided by XJ Design.
XJ Design：The southeastern district of Datong Ancient City represents a completely new exploration in the transformation of the ancient city. The design focuses on preserving the essence of the site’s historical context and its spatial memories while incorporating a more diverse range of use scenarios. A creative initiative was introduced by planting 111 large trees within the ancient streets, a move that contributed to revitalizing the area. This transformation allowed for an exploratory connection between the cultural heritage of the past and the contemporary lifestyle.
After the updates, the revitalized district offers both local residents and visitors a fresh historical and cultural experience along with high-quality commercial and recreational spaces. Through the close collaboration of various teams, the project was able to realize these visionary goals.
▽古城东南邑改造前后 Before and After Transformation of the Southeastern District of the Ancient City
▽更新后的古城街景 Updated old town street view
场地背景 Site Background
大同是著名的历史文化名城，早在作为北魏拓跋氏的都城的时候，就已经修筑有规模宏大的城池。曾作为北魏时期的首都，为中国九大古都之一。“四大街、八小巷，七十二条绵绵巷”的棋盘式里坊格局是大同古城标志性的风格特色。现存大同城墙为明洪武五年（公元 1372 年），大将军徐达奉命依辽、金、元旧城基础增筑新城，略呈方形，东西长 1.8 公里，南北长 1.82 公里，周长 7.24 公里，占地 3.28 平方公里。2008年，大同市全面实施了历史文化复兴与古城保护工程，大同古城墙得以再度修复，东城墙、南城墙依明代大同城规制修复完毕，并对游客开放。本案位于古城东南角，北邻和阳街，南邻仓门街，西邻李怀角街，东邻东门大巷。
Datong is a renowned historical and cultural city that boasts an extensive history dating back to the time when it served as the capital of the Northern Wei dynasty. It has a distinctive grid layout with “Four Main Streets, Eight Small Alleys, and Seventy-Two Meandering Lanes,” which is a hallmark of Datong Ancient City. The existing city walls of Datong were constructed during the Ming Hongwu period in 1372 AD, and efforts have been made to restore and preserve the ancient city walls. The project is situated in the southeastern corner of the ancient city, bordered to the north by Heyang Street, to the south by Cangmen Street, to the west by Lihuaijiao Street, and to the east by Dongmen Lane.
▽古城东南邑城市区位 Before and After Transformation of the Southeastern District of the Ancient City
▽古城东南邑街景 Street Scenes of the Southeastern District of the Ancient City
▽古城东南邑现状材料肌理 Current Material Texture of the Southeastern District of the Ancient City
设计挑战 Design Challenges
The challenge of this design was to uncover the authentic historical and cultural core while seamlessly integrating it with modern lifestyles, thereby breathing new life into the ancient district. The goal was to bring the ancient streets to life once more and attract a continuous flow of people. By approaching urban preservation and renewal with an alignment to the natural progression of modern life, the design aimed to revive the district’s rich cultural history. To address this complex issue, a systematic approach was taken, involving considerations for circulation systems, architectural restoration, cultural nodes, and natural elements.
▽多维体系搭接，有重要空间节点，水系，包台体系，植物体系等维度修复提升。Multidimensional System Integration, Enhancing Restoration across Dimensions: Spatial Nodes, Water Systems, Platform Systems, Plant Systems, etc.
▽街区重要节点分析 Analysis of Key Nodes in the District
街区的灵魂 Soul of the District
The profound cultural heritage and the atmosphere of everyday life form the soul of this district. Remaining relics and historical buildings, such as old platforms, utility poles, street speakers, and antique materials, vividly evoke the past. The design seeks to guide the protection and respect for the cultural identity of the district. Traditional folk houses in Datong serve as carriers of its cultural heritage, reflecting the traditional way of life in the ancient city. The project aims to enhance the historical and cultural experience of Datong by preserving its historic streets and revitalizing the historical district, creating a livable, commercial, and vibrant area that embodies the distinctive characteristics of Datong’s history and culture.
▽鸟瞰 Aerial View
▽更新后的古城街景 Updated old town street view
▽现场建造实景 On-Site Construction Reality
多功能系统 Multifunctional Systems
The relationship between the site and its buildings in the historical district is complex, and the abandoned spaces in the original streets and alleys further complicate the task of maintaining the overall appearance while integrating new functions. The old platforms are a crucial cultural feature of the entire district but were severely damaged. The platforms were categorized into functional and reconstructive types.
Functional platforms involved integrating eight forms based on historical documents and old photographs, and combining them with the remnants of old materials found on-site. Consideration was given to rainwater management systems and lighting fixtures. Architectural differences were emphasized based on the varying construction and usage periods of different buildings. This approach effectively protected and supported vulnerable structures.
Reconstructive platforms introduced interactive designs, breaking away from flat patterns and incorporating light and shadow relationships. Artistic lighting and materials like glass bricks were integrated to create visually appealing effects. The railing system, while being human-centric, carefully considered its relationship with cultural buildings, minimizing visual barriers and coordinating with the colors of the cultural structures.
▽街区包台扶壁的再造提取 Reconstruction and Extraction of District’s Platform Walls
▽街区包台扶壁再生实景 Regenerated Reality of District’s Platform Walls
▽街区水系实景 Reality of Water Systems in the District
弹性共享空间与生长性的街区 Flexible Shared Space and Growing District
Public spaces are especially valuable and serve as important venues for community gatherings and leisure activities. By injecting contemporary artistic vitality while maintaining spatial flexibility, leaving room for activities to naturally emerge, the design aimed to foster continuous growth. A creative move was made by introducing 111 large trees throughout the district, not only adding green natural elements to the ancient streets but also enhancing the comfort and leisure of the space. The project also repurposed many old materials that were removed from the district, including cobblestones, blue bricks, roof tiles, and stone troughs. These materials were creatively reused, such as utilizing idle drainage outlets to create dynamic water features and reconstructing ancient wells with cobblestones, blending stones and tiles to form platform walls. Both reused and new materials were thoughtfully incorporated, such as local stones, washed stones, steel, and glass bricks, which were innovatively combined with the historical fabric of the city. The emergence of new elements required adjustments on the foundation of the old, respecting the history of the ancient city while integrating with modern life.
▽街巷实景 Street and Alley Reality
▽广府角入口水景详图 Detailed Image of Entrance Water Feature in Guangfu Corner
▽古井广场水景详图 Detailed Image of Ancient Well Plaza Water Feature
Project Details: Location: Datong, Shanxi
Project Type: Landscape Design
Client: Huaxia Jianghong (Datong) Cultural Tourism Development Co., Ltd.
Design Firm: Bigvision Design Agency
Architectural Design: Chongqing Lianchuang Architectural Planning and Design Co., Ltd.
Construction Contractor: Luzhou Hongmao Engineering Project Management Co., Ltd.
Design Period: 2021
Completion Date: July 2023
Project Size: 2.2 hectares
更多 Read more about: 象界设计机构