Thanks Gaeta-Springall Arquitectos for authorizing the publication of the project on mooool, Text description provided by Gaeta-Springall Arquitectos.
Gaeta-Springall Arquitectos: In August 2016 Mexico City government launched an international competition for the construction of the Linear Park Ferrocarril de Cuernavaca. The competition in two phases summoned 400 firms from several countries. We won the competition. This has been the most important project of public space of the last decades for its location, size and social impact.
The site of the project is located in a section of the railway built in 1898 between Mexico City and Acapulco. The railway is no longer working except in a 7 km section where the site of the project happens to be. For many years the right of way was left as a residual space. People started using it in different ways though it never consolidated as a qualified public space since it didn´t had the necessary conditions of security, infrastructure and landscape. The train passes 2 or 3 times a day, constituting a singular presence in the park.
▼项目鸟瞰 Site aerial
Mexico has a debt of water and green with its people, therefore our proposal for the competition was radical and the idea was: to build an urban forest of 4.5 km long; the argument was that this was the last opportunity for the city to build a new forest of this scale.
Gaeta-Springall的这项提案从两个层面上得到了支持：1. 新的城市森林将22个街区交织联系在一起，直接惠及到了5万多人。2. 线性公园被看作是城市主系统的一部分。设计方案的目标是创建起这样一个城市场所：有较强的识别性和场所记忆；具有可持续性，有优质的环境质量；能帮助维护城市多尺度多方面的秩序；能够及时开放与公众见面；并且维护保养费用低。
The proposal was supported in two levels: 1. The first level was the forest that would interweave 22 neighborhoods, directly benefiting more than 50,000 people. 2. The second level was the understanding of the linear park as part of a mayor system: the city. The goal is the creation of a PLACE: that enhances identity and memory; that is sustainable with a high environmental quality; that contributes to the multi-scalar order: the city; that is projected in time; that is low cost maintenance.
All these principles in order to work with the vision of Landscape Urbanism in which the park builds city, linking all the different social sectors and tackling infrastructure, water management, biodiversity and human activity. To achieve these objectives, we built the project under 5 principles:
1. Neighbors and citizens actively participating in the project. We found a big resistance towards the project but after an intense work of two years, the project has obtained a high level of acceptance.
2. The park has activating programs that are builders of a 24/7 use. The width of the park varies, in some places it is wider and then a programmatic space is designed, in some other places it is very narrow allowing only light, pedestrian and bike paths. Forums, meeting and resting spaces, sports facilities, pedestrian and bike paths are the parts of the project along the park.
3. The green is an omnipresent element. We are building a forest that in the future will be able to create a self sustainable ecosystem. The trees are endemic and require little pruning. We opted for small and medium size individuals in order to let them root properly.
4. The celebration of water. Mexico has a water debt with its inhabitants. The park has a triple system for water care: we harvest water through rain gardens, we inject water to the subsoil through biofilters to help relieve the city drainage, we provide and keep treated water in water follies for watering during the 6 months of dryness.
5. A red line – a gesture – a use. A concrete red line on the ground is a symbol of sewing and bridge. An anti-wall design gesture of the possible disruption of rigid systems (the tracks). It shows a direction, it lays at the ground level, then it raises to build a bench; it interweaves and connects. It is a place to sit, to look, to move, to play. The linear feature of our park makes that besides of the connection with the its sides; it creates a sewing that stitches up the neighborhoods in the transversal sense, generating and encouraging the relations from one side to the other in the social and urban fabrics.
After ten months of the opening the park is felt as a social and spatial success for having recovered and transformed a residual and dangerous zone into a democratic and safe place. The people are happy and a feeling of pride and belonging is being built. During the competition with said: “We don’t want to create a finished project, rather, we try to generate a projectual direction from an open vision, starting with the participation of the people in order to build a process and a project for the medium and long terms. It is important to say that Linear Park FFCC is the only recent project of the city that is a public space in the large scale serving the low and medium class sectors.
We position in the antipodes of embellish: sophisticated furniture, over design pavements, expensive fountains aren´t part of the narrative of this park. The budget and the architectural and social context determine us to an intentional austere and sober posture. The best of the cities is what they produce and offer free of charge. This is the achievement of many urban parks and we are sure that this is the big achievement of our Linear Park Ferrocarril de Cuernavaca.
▼公园夜景鸟瞰 Night view of park
Architects: Gaeta-Springall arquitectos
Location: F.C. de Cuernavaca, Ciudad de México, CDMX, México
Architect in charge: Julio Gaeta y Luby Springall
Area: 17500.0 m2
Project year: 2017
Photography: Arturo Arrieta, Arturo Arrieta-David Cohen
Special advisers: Elena Tudela, Hugo Sánchez, Tonatiuh Martínez, Rolando Springall, Guillermo Springall, Héctor Margain, Gustavo Avilés, Denébola Caraveo, Marco Moreno.
Collaborators: Roberto López y Liliana Ramírez (Coordinadores), Lorena Nuñez, Paola Ampudia, Itzel Barradas, Martín Barroso, Giovanni Caria, Joel Cruz, Eugenia Díaz, Natalia Ferolla, Itzel Fuentes, Cristal Gordillo, Paola Hernandez, Oscar Juárez, Juan Manjarrez, Jorge Torres, Fernando Ochoa, Laura Revelo, Alejandra Reyes, Erick Rodriguez, Susana San Juan, Jacopo Sapienza, Aldo Urban, Diego Valadez, Ana Voegelin, Kenneth Wilson
Read more about: Gaeta-Springall Arquitectos