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Sebastian van Damme：这是勒·柯布西耶为印度棉纺织协会设计的一座总部大楼，它不仅具有服务于中心的行政功能，而且还为纺织协会举行全体集会提供了必要的场所。该建筑坐落在一个可以俯瞰河流的花园之中，在过去可以看到一幅幅如画的风景：染坊工人们在沙滩上清洗和晾晒他们手中的棉料，成群的苍鹭、水牛相伴一旁，驴子浸泡在水中乘凉，椰子树则是装点风景的背景。这样的全景构图是一种新的尝试，设计者试图通过建筑，将每一层的景色框起来，为员工的日常工作、节日宴会、从大会堂的舞台以及从屋顶观看夜景提供便利。
Sebastian van Damme：This is the headquarter of one of the most prominent associations of Indian cotton mill owners. This central office provides facilities for both the central administration and general assembly of the association. The situation of the building in a garden dominating the river furnishes a picturesque spectacle of the cloth dyers washing and drying their cotton materials on the sand in the company of herons, cocas, buffalo, and donkeys half immersed in the water to keep cool. Such a panorama was an invitation to attempt, by means of the architecture, to frame views from each floor of the building-for the benefit of the staff in their daily work, for festive evenings, for night views from the stage of the assembly hall, and also from the roof.
The structure is strongly disciplined; the building is oriented according to the prevailing winds. The east and west façades have their brise-soleil calculated precisely according to Ahmedabad’s latitude and the course of the sun, while the south and north façades are blind (or nearly so). The roof is used together with the bar for evening entertainment. The assembly hall is constructed of double, thin brick walls panelled in wood (the grain of which is extremely exaggerated in the photographs). The photographs were taken before the seats were installed-either random or concert seating, also two vertical tapestries are suspended from the ceiling for acoustical reasons. The hall is indirectly lighted by reflections from the curved ceiling, which in turn is kept cool by two gardens and a water basin on the roof.
Circulation: from the lowest level to the roof two elevators serve al] the floors. A long ramp provides pedestrian access from the main office floor to the parking lot. However, in the monsoon season, the autos may park directly up against the brise-soleil which extend to the ground.
The north and south façades are constructed of unplastered brick; the east and west façades are of raw, unfinished concrete; the brise-soleil are clad in wood, and the walls in sheet metal.
The flooring is Delhi stone (Morak), which is also placed left and right on the walls up to the ceiling, according to the “Optimum Modulor” system, and serves as a “stone Tapestry” in the offices of the President and Director, as well as for the roof terrace of the assembly hall.
摄影师：Sebastian van Damme
Project name: Mill Owners’ Association
Project location: India
Photo credits: Sebastian van Damme
Contact e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Photographer’s website: www.sebastianvandamme.nl
Design: Le Corbusier
更多 Read more about: Sebastian van Damme