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Zaixing Architectural: Starting from Yibin, there is a grand rose industrial park named Meilinhuaxi hidden in Jingping Village, Dacheng Town, Pingshan County.As the first building that comes into view in the parking lot at the entrance to the industrial park,the Palm Toilet not only need to meet the basic functions of restrooms, but also assume part of the attributes of public service space in scenic areas.
▽绿树掩映的棕厕, Palm Toilet covered by trees
▽项目与场地整体鸟瞰图, Overall view of the project
The building is sited in a cove backed by a hill, with the frontage facing the parking lot and rose fields for expansive views, while two large trees remain on the site to screen the face of the hill wall, providing excellent privacy.
The project is divided into two levels, with four wooden functional square boxes arranged symmetrically along both sides of the central axis.On the ground floor, there is a disabled toilet with a tool room and a family bathroom on both sides, and male and female toilets are on the first floor.On the layout, the toilet compartments are arranged as a middle island.On the one hand,it provides convenience for the smooth arrangement of pipelines,, and on the other hand, it provides more possibilities for the selection of façade materials.The layout of the upper and lower floors makes it easy for visitors to rest on the ground floor and get a better view on the first floor.
▽棕厕局部外观, Partial appearance
▽木质功能盒子, Wooden functional boxes
The traffic stairs and handicapped ramp are located on the side of the hill, leaving excellent views to the side facing the flow of visitors. The sloped roof, supported by both steel and wood structures, enhances the efficiency of natural ventilation.
▽棕厕山墙面, Gable of Palm Toilet
The remaining space shaded by the roof is enclosed by palm panels with seating as a resting space for visitors, who can relax in the atrium and enjoy the view of the terraced rose fields and the idyllic scenery of villagers’ cultivation.
▽游客在中庭休憩, Visitors relax in the atrium
▽天光照亮的公共空间, Public space illuminated by sky light
▽棕厕生成过程gif, Palm Toilet generation process
The climate in Sichuan is mild and rainy, with abundant timber resources. Local dwellings mostly adopt the perforated wooden frame system, and the roofs are often overhanging with large eaves, showing the overall light and dexterous style. This building extracts the typical features of traditional dwellings and makes innovative attempts in structure and materials.
▽村落民居照片, Photo of traditional village houses
▽棕厕整体外观, Aerial view of Palm Toilet
The color steel plates are used on both sides of the sloping roof, which has the advantages of low cost, sturdiness and practicality, and ease of construction, and is a popular material in rural construction today. Transparent sun panels are used in the middle section to bring light into the atrium; at night the light shines back out to illuminate the building.
▽夜晚灯光效果, Nighttime lighting effects
▽被点亮的中庭, Lighted atrium
Steel columns are used in the floor-to-ceiling structure to hold up the wooden frame that supports the roof.The wood structure is made of fast-growing pinus sylvestris. The timber frame was painted in its entirety in the same colour as the steel columns and the roof, out of concern for the high moisture content of the timber, both to preserve the rot and to give the structure a visually enhanced integrity.The materials are mixed but not disordered.
▽屋顶与结构, Roof structure
▽轻盈通透的木构架, Light and airy timber frame
The leaf sheath fibre of the palm tree in the mountains of southwest China has the characteristics of good elasticity, resistance to water and rot, breathable and moisture-proof, and resistance to moth-eaten, etc. People have been using it to make straw rain capes and palm fibre mattresses for nearly a thousand years.The design uses palm fibre in an innovative way, weaving it into thicker panels and forming an outer skin on the steel frame with a regular gradation of dense top and sparse bottom, in order not to block the visitors’ view and to achieve a delicate balance between privacy and signage.
▽村民从棕榈树上剥下叶鞘, Villagers stripping leaf sheaths from palm trees
▽村民使用综丝制作蓑衣, Villagers use palm fibre to make straw rain capes
▽棕板渐变排布效果, Gradient arrangement of palm panels
As a building material, palm panels are tough and wear-resistant, dirt resistant, corrosion resistant to water and moisture,which are suitable for public toilet construction, extending the service life of the material. The loose and multi-seam internal structure can facilitate the ventilation of the toilet, responding to the regional cultural characteristics of rural construction from the aspect of materials.
▽围护结构局部, Partial envelope
As a key cultural tourism project to further polish the city name card of “Rose City and Romantic Capital”, the Meilinhuaxi industrial park has attracted a lot of attention from tourists.The Palm Toilet, as the ‘prologue’ given by the scenic spot, responds to the local environment in terms of overall image, material and structure respectively in a simple and gentle way, and fits the rural appearance.On this basis, the quality and comfort of the use of brown latrines have been improved, making a good inspiration and demonstration for local township construction.
▽棕厕夜景, Night view of Palm Toilet
▽夜晚正立面效果, Night view of front elevation
▽模型鸟瞰轴侧, Model aerial view
▽模型正立面照片, Model front elevation
▽模型楼梯局部, Model staircase
▽总平面图, Site plan
▽棕厕首层平面图, The ground floor plan
▽棕厕二层平面图, The first floor plan
设计团队：温钦皓 李成刚 周梓源 孔小锐 黄文浩
Project Name: Palm Toilet
Project Design: Zaixing Architectural Desgin Firm
Design Team: Wen Qinhao, Li Chenggang, Zhou Ziyuan, , Kong Xiaorui，Huang Wenhao
Construction Design: Sheng Di International Architecture and Engineering Design Corporation Ltd.
Landscape Consultation: YFED
Project Address: Jingping Village, Dacheng Town, Pingshan County
Project Client: Jingping Village Committee
Construction Contractor: Sichuan Liang Han Construction Engineering Co.
Design Year: 2020.03
Building area: 180㎡
Main materials: Palm-fibre Panel（Zhi Yuan Palm Fibre Technology Ltd.）, Corrugated Metal Tiles,Terrazzo,Steel, Pinus Sylvestris
Photography: LV Xiaobin
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