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Taller de Arquitectura Contextual：这个项目是通过公共水井恢复埃斯皮塔公共空间计划的先决条件。“埃斯皮塔（Espita）”这个名字来源于玛雅语“x p’iit ha”，意思是“跳跃的水”；这是基于当地小镇的雨水直接流向沟壑的现象 – 当地称之为Rejolladas – 类似于小瀑布。
Taller de Arquitectura Contextual: This project is the direct antecedent to a program for the recovery of public spaces in Espita through its public wells. The origin of the name “Espita” comes from the Mayan “x p’iit ha” which means “water that jumps”; this is based on the fact that the rainwater of the town is directed towards the ravines – or rejolladas, as they are called locally – resembling small waterfalls.
The urban area of Espita, Yucatán has 3 main rejolladas, and only one of these is publicly accessible, which became a dangerous point within the community, due to the frequency of serious crimes due to the carelessness of the place. Therefore, the community asked the municipal president in turn to take measures in this regard, and he decided to destroy the dense vegetation of the site (in order to improve visibility), to later pave and prevent it from ever growing again. That action brought severe flood problems during its process, so the community itself stopped the initiative and, in the next public administration, through a civil association, the donation of the Rejollada public space recovery project was made. It is important to bear in mind that both the execution of the work, as well as its financing, was directly attended by the municipality.
The objective on the one hand was to restore the ecological sense to a rejollada that had been deforested, starting from the principle of conservation and enhancement of the architectural and natural heritage by taking the ruins of an artisan well, the foundations of a chapel in process and the only surviving tree located on the property as guiding design axes; and on the other hand, return to the society a safe place that satisfies its needs, uses and customs, achieving multifunctional spaces that would accommodate cultural and recreational activities for the benefit of the people of Espita.
The project is developed in an area of 1945m2 in the south-east corner of a typical block, adjoining streets on two of its adjacent sides, and with private properties on the opposite sides, at whose convergence there is a public pedestrian path that crossed the rejollada, a journey that was taken up again in the design of the park.
The program is versatile, so that it can adapt to various activities over time, as well as to the different types of users it may have. The walkways fulfill functions of pedestrian connectivity, by respecting the paths traced by the inhabitants, but also promoting recreational circulation through a circuit, retaking the heritage of traditional Yucatecan parks. The sidewalks are extended when arriving at the park in order to create small squares where commercial, cultural, or physical activities can take place.
The urban furniture was designed in a way that suggested different forms of coexistence, but that in the end it had enough flexibility to be reinvented by its users. The floor textures were determined based on the impact that pedestrian traffic would have on them. The walkers are forged with concrete in a washed finish to make them slip resistant.
The spreading spaces contemplate gravel from the loose region on a layer of compacted material enough to stabilize the ground without it losing its filtering properties. These spaces are at a lower level than the walkways and, together with the existing well (which functions as an overflow), creates a water containment and evacuation system that prevents floods in rainy seasons from hindering mobility through the park.
The local stone plays a very important role in the project, especially in the symbolic element of the park, an artistic intervention that recovers the void of the well and emphasizes it with a circular water element that remains inside a larger one that reaches the only surviving tree of the original rejollada, and it is upholstered by stones of “albarradas” from the Espiteños, referring to a community that protects its preexistence, and maintaining the presence of water at the lowest point of the rejollada.
The vegetation proposed for reforestation is mostly endemic. Plants that attract wild birds, regional fruit trees found in neighborhood backyards, flowering trees, and iconic plants of the Yucatecan culture such as the ceiba, henequen and royal palm were proposed. The slopes were raised with low-maintenance regional ground covers.
To this day, Rejollada Park has witnessed both political events and artistic presentations; as well as physical conditioning activities, evening walks, a meeting point for couples, a street soccer field and of course a public pool.
设计：TACO taller de arquitectura contextual
施工：TACO contextual architecture workshop
团队：Carlos Patrón Ibarra、Orlando Franco、Rebeca Novelo
Project name: Rejollada Park
Design: TACO taller de arquitectura contextual
Construction: TACO contextual architecture workshop
General team: Carlos Patrón Ibarra, Orlando Franco, Rebeca Novelo.
Land area: 1945 m2
Completion year: 2015
Location: Espita, Mexico
Photographs: Carlos Patrón
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