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Leku Studio: 以统一、规则和空间棋盘式布局为特征的巴塞罗那，是一个空间高度整合、密集的城市。为了应对迅速变化的社会、环境和经济现实，现需要对其城市空间进行重新规划和循环利用。环境危机、污染以及景观和城市空间的缺失，推动了新形式下的创新转型，该形式描绘了人类在舒适和健康城市下生活的蓝图。
Leku Studio: The Example of Barcelona, characterized by its uniform, regular and extensive grid, shows a solid, mixed and highly densified city with a consolidated public space that now needs to reprogram and recycle itself to respond to a rapidly changing social, environmental and economic reality.Climate emergency, pollution and the lack of green and social spaces, drives an innovative transformation based on a new framework that draws a human, comfortable and healthy city.
The Superblocks Program is one of the most ambitious urban transformations of the city with a plan that redefines the urban order by merging blocks into bigger units. A people-centred planning that offers the opportunity to gain new public spaces by creating proximity squares in the chamfer corners and green-healthy streets where previously there were cars.
整个改造计划的涉及范围很广，所以转型需要逐步部署和灵活的方法来完成。 随时测试、临时实验、可逆性和适应性操作是转型必须经历的过程，为此，Leku Studio在过去几年中一直在推陈出新寻求合适的设计方法。Sant Antoni的超级街区为上述方法下的一个实例，其中灵活的城市化设计有效地促进了超级街区模型在社区中的逐步扩展和自适应扩展。
The scope of the plan is extensive and the transformation requires a progressive deployment and a flexible approach. Testing, temporary actions, reversibility and adaptability are essential ingredients of the process, and for this, new planning tools are needed that from the Leku Studio office has been working on during the last years.The Superblock of Sant Antoni is an example of this work, in which flexible urbanization has made effective the progressive and adaptive extension of the Superblock model in the neighbourhood.
灵活、模块化和自适应 Flexible, modular and adaptive
城市化的前提是新景观的整体可逆性、适应性和可循环利用性。 为此，Leku Studio设计了一种网格模块化策略，其中包括适应性城市家具模块，标识指南（样式，标牌，沟通…）以及部署方法。
The premise of the urbanization is the total reversibility, the adaptability and recycling of the new landscape. To this end, a strategy is designed incorporating a toolkit of adaptive urban furniture elements, a graphic style guide (patterns, signage, communication …) as well as a deployment methodology.
图形化风格和标识 Graphic style and signalling
The graphic language, the signage and the colour map are defined as well as the module that, as an extendable mesh, draws the basis of the new distribution. This serves as a guide and reference for the implementation of the graphic pattern and the arrangement of urban elements. The new graphic tile extends along the mesh settling and redistributing the spaces on the road.
▼模块化的图形语言 graphic language
适应性城市家具模块 Adaptive urban furniture toolkit
该模块是根据基本网格建立的，易于调整和组合，能得到大量的组合方式。 这些集合对于整合和扩展城市景观及空间结构至关重要。 这属于生态材料的使用以及项目的整合。
The toolkit is designed following the modulation established by the base mesh being easily aggregated and combinable with each other, giving rise to a large number of combinations. These sets are key for the integration and extension of urban green as well as for the structuring of spaces. The use of eco-materials as well as the integration project.
▼易组合的景观家具 easily aggregated and combinable furniture toolkit
社会、健康和进步Social, healthy and progressive
This urban strategy has made possible the progressive and soft extension of the new Superblock landscape in an open and participative way.
Where previously there was an urban highway, now there is a healthy street full of life and green, where there was a traffic intersection now there is a liveable plaza. Car noise has been replaced by children playing, cheerful conversations between neighbours or elderly people chess games … The transformation continues together with this flexible landscape capable of integrating new changes derived from urban testing and social innovation.
▼改造前后对比 before & after
项目名称: Superblock of Sant Antoni
项目类型: 城市设计 / 景观
设计公司: Leku Studio
主创设计师: Jokin Santiago and Marta Sola
摄影: © DEL RIO BANI
Project name: Superblock of Sant Antoni
Completion Year: 2019
Design Area: Urban design/Landscape
Project location: Barcelona
Landscape/Architecture Firm: Leku Studio
Contact e-mail: email@example.com
Lead Architects: Jokin Santiago and Marta Sola
Photo credits: © DEL RIO BANI
Photographer’s website: www.delriobani.com
更多read more about: Leku Studio