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Archermit: The most impressive thing about the rural areas of the western Sichuan Plain is its unique courtyard — Linpan. Which originated in the ancient Shu civilization period. Linpan in western Sichuan is generally composed of forest gardens, houses and cultivated land around them. “Scattered living with the fields” is a compound living mode integrating production, life and landscape. In Linpan, the family name (clan) is usually used as the unit of settlement, and the distribution is scattered. It belongs to a typical natural village in form. Its living form and architectural form have evolved into a kind of cultural symbol deeply imprinted in the folk customs of western Sichuan in the long history accumulation.
The project is located in Tangjianian, Xinhua Village, Jinjiang, Chongzhou city, Sichuan Province, where is about 50 kilometers (one hour driving) away from the center of Chengdu. This is a typical Linpan in the west of Sichuan. The exhibition center and many Linpan are dotted between thousands of fertile fields. The forest is in the field, the courtyard is in the forest, the forest is planted with bamboo, white walls and green tiles, chickens and dogs, and small Bridges and running water can be seen everywhere.
▽展示中心周边密布的林盘 The dense forest disks around the exhibition center
耕田上的院子-在地，建筑与环境-现代林盘｜Yard of the ploughing – Vernacular, architecture and environment – modernized Linpan
田园、林中、架空、院子、青瓦、四水归堂 Garden, forest, suspended, courtyard, green tile, four water to the hall
▽林在田中的林盘形态 The Forest Plate Form of the Forest in the Field
▽青瓦白墙 Blue tile and white wall
The grain oil exhibition center shines in the background of a grove of trees and houses on a rippling rice field. The original trees on the site are preserved and enclosed with the architecture to form four courtyards of different sizes. The trees and courtyards integrate with each other, creating the artistic conception of ”Place with a yard in the forest and a forest in the yard”. The classic Linpan image of “forest in the field and yard in the forest” is fully displayed in this place.
▽稻田上凸起的树林和房子 Raised woods and houses on the rice fields
▽树木围合的院子 Yard enclosed by trees
“Return” was the core architectural strategy at the beginning of the design of the exhibition center. Most of the ground floor of the architecture is suspended to return space to nature and people involved in it. The suspended design of the ground floor laid a good foundation for many later interesting designs, such as the courtyard in the field, the aerial courtyard, the entrance corridor bridge, the roof joyride…, etc.
▽底层架空的建筑 Overhead building
▽田垄院子 Tianlong Yard
▽入口廊桥 Entrance bridge
▽屋顶撒欢 Sahuan on the roof
For the continuation of the original image of western Sichuan Lin Pan courtyard space, the main body is broken up into five smaller and independent space scattered in the site, the original trees surrounded and five construction yard of various forms, even the suspended idea won several aerial three-dimensional courtyard first up, the ground split out clever into four yard into nine, We introduce fields, paddy fields, planting pools, trees and other elements into the courtyard, and different elevations and shapes of the courtyard create different spatial experiences.
▽田垄院子 Tianlong Yard
▽水田院子 Paddy field yard
▽种植池院子 Planting pond yard
▽树木院子 Tree yard
▽屋顶院子 Roof yard
The five independent spaces are connected together by a ramp and the external corridor. The external walls close to the ramp and the corridor are solid, while the external elements where the trees and rice fields can be seen are full floor-to-ceiling glass, forming a combination space with solid inside and void outside, cadenced, moving, private and independent. Many public buildings in rural areas are left idle and abandoned due to various management problems in the later stage. In the design of the exhibition center, we pre-planned the possibility of more functions, operation and separation, so as to ensure that it can thrive after birth and be loved and enjoyed by everyone.
▽散落的五个空间和移步换景的景观格局 Five scattered spaces and a landscape pattern of changing scenery
▽主轴坡道 Spindle ramp
▽外向的落地玻璃 Extroverted floor-to-ceiling glass
▽展厅的落地玻璃 Floor-to-ceiling glass in the exhibition hall
▽展厅与树林 Exhibition hall and woods
Green tiles, white walls, wood, long eaves and patio are the most common elements of western Sichuan folk dwellings. We combine the modern elements of curved sloping roof and full floor-to-ceiling glass to create an open, transparent, light and free, simple and elegant, pastoral poetic place.
▽青瓦 Blue tile
▽长出檐口 Grow cornice
村落中的乐园-特色，建筑与生活-社区中心｜Paradise of the village – Characteristics, architecture and environment – community center
灯塔、架空、广场、水池、坡道、环廊、上房揭瓦 Lighthouse, suspended, square, pool, ramp, corridor, playing above the house
▽耕田里的灯塔 Lighthouse in the plowed field
Due to the functional differences between the exhibition center and the surrounding residences, there are also great differences in architectural forms, doors and windows arrangements. In the gloom, the light from the floor-to-ceiling glass of the exhibition center, like a lighthouse shining on the vast acres of farmland. Within a radius of two or three kilometers, it is the only public building in these villages, so it has become the heart of the surrounding residents.
▽望向灯塔 Looking towards the lighthouse
▽夜幕下的茶歇 Tea break under the night
▽林中的茶歇 Tea break in the forest
▽夜晚的冬藏餐厅 Winter Tibetan restaurant at night
The courtyard, square and corridor formed by the suspended ground floor of the building are covered by the wide eaves, and become the ideal place for nearby residents to enjoy the cool, dance and play. The rice planting pond designed at the entrance has been turned into a shallow pool due to the construction mistake, which has become a paradise for children to play in the water by a strange combination of circumstances. During the construction process, some confrontation and compromise can sometimes bring unexpected harvest.
▽纳凉的老人 Old man enjoying the coolness
▽跳舞的居民 Dancing residents
▽戏水的孩子 Children playing in the water
We integrated the bridges of western sichuan Lin Pan, eaves and courtyards of western sichuan architectures, the leisurely culture of western sichuan people with elements such as the entrance ramp, aerial ring corridor, scissors ramp and roof yard, make the “aerial courtyard” into a paradise where people love to play, dinner, or have a rest for a walk and naive children enjoy.
▽屋顶打望的人 The roofer
▽坡道戏耍的孩子 Children playing on the ramp
Traditional Linpan in western Sichuan integrates with people’s life style and life concept nowadays organically. On the basis of meeting people’s usage habits, we hope that the exhibition center, like other surrounding Linpans, grows from this vast farmland, integrates with nature, and is a modern Linpan scattered in the field. We also hope that the exhibition center can not only meet the functions of grain oil exhibitions, but also become a daily living place for the surrounding residents and a community center of the neighborhood and village. This is the greater value it gives back to the land — the value of return.
▽架空建筑与稻田 Overhead buildings and rice fields
▽川西民居青瓦花墙&田垄院子与稻田 Western Sichuan Traditional Houses Blue Tile Flower Wall & Tianlong Yard and Rice Field
▽院子与树林 Yard and woods
▽全落地宽景玻璃 Full floor-to-ceiling wide-view glass
▽大屋檐下的院子 The yard under the big eaves
Architecture Design: Archermit
Principal Architect: Youcai Pan
Design Director: Zhe Yang (Partner)
Technique Director: Renzhen Chen (Partner)
Structure Engineer: Xu Du
Design Team: Yuanjun Gou, Yi He, Yu Zhao, Wenshuang Wang, Zihan Li, Guisheng Liang, Wei Zhang
Construction Drawing Design: Chengdu CNAsmith Group
Photography: Yutao Feng, Da Hua Mao
Article Writer: Youcai Pan, Zixuan Liu
Site Address: Tangjianian, Xinhua Village, Jinjiang, Chongzhou City, Sichuan Province
Floor Area: 1165 square meters
Design Time: 2018/11 – 2019/5
Client: Sichuan Zhongruijinye Cultural Tours LTD, Sichuan Chongzhou Grain oil Reserve Co. LTD
审稿编辑 王琪 – Maggie
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