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Topiaris Landscape Architecture：该花园地处葡萄牙西南海岸的孔波尔塔（Comporta），距离里斯本150公里。它位于一个固结的沙丘系统中，沙生先锋植被、伞状海岸松林构成了其独特而多样化的景观地貌，低层冲积土壤中的农业区与广阔的稻田相得益彰，具有极高的生态和文化价值。场地面积为3000平方米，其边界与道路、松林区、农田和稻田相接，除了几棵幼小的海岸松以外几乎没有任何植被。
Topiaris Landscape Architecture：This garden is located in Comporta, on the southwest coast of Portugal, 150 Km from Lisbon. The region has an outstanding and diverse landscape mosaic with high ecological and cultural value as it lies in a consolidated dunes system with psammophilous pioneer vegetation, maritime and umbrella pine woods. This mosaic is complemented by agricultural areas in the lower alluvial soils with wide extensions of rice fields. The plot area is 3000 square meters, and its boundaries contact with road paths, pine wood areas, farmland and rice fields. The site had almost no vegetation, except for a few young maritime pine trees.
▼场地全貌 Overall view
The landscape design is the result of an intense reflection, shared with both the client and the architect where the ecological values and sustainable premises were embraced and inspired all the design process. The key concept is based in site’s regeneration following the existing patterns in the surrounding landscape. The planting of native species was carried out through clusters on small dunes, which were expected to gradually expand to lower adjacent areas, fostering an evolutionary dynamic. This ecological succession was also translated into changeable and transitory scenarios and over time merged into the surrounding woodland.
The garden design was marked by orthogonal lines of the walkways and resting areas in wood decks, slightly raised to protect the soil and the clusters of sensitive native vegetation. The client had three priorities: visual privacy along site limits, a small tank of water and cool shade in summer, which were naturally integrated into the design. Under the main porch – which became a large outdoor living room – the decks define a small, scented garden, with aromatic species structured in a wooden grid. From here, a path leads towards the chillout, a special place within the garden. In the northwest and southwest limits wooded beams panels were built to create privacy.
▼木制平台和植被 The wood decks & vegetation
▼水池 A small tank of water
▼木梁板 Wooded beams panels
A low maintenance strategy included, in a first phase, a drip irrigation system, along with the selective weeds control, and afterwards, a few cuts spaced in time promoted natural regeneration. The strategy assumed that the initial drip irrigation system would be gradually shut down, becoming only available for regeneration purposes.
▼等高线图 Contour plot
▼场地热量分布 Heat distribution
项目名称：Garden in Comporta
景观建筑公司：Topiaris Landscape Architecture
设计团队：Teresa Barão, Catarina Viana, Luis Ribeiro, Rita Salgado
建筑事务所：Gonçalo Salazar de Sousa Architectos
Project name: Garden in Comporta
Completion Year: 2010
Size: 3000 sq meters
Project location: Herdade da Comporta, Alcácer do Sal, Portugal
Landscape/Architecture Firm: Topiaris Landscape Architecture
Contact e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Design Team: Teresa Barão, Catarina Viana, Luis Ribeiro, Rita Salgado
Architecture: Gonçalo Salazar de Sousa Architectos
Irrigation Engineer: Bartolomeu Perestrelo
Photo credits: João Morgado
Photographer’s website: https://www.joaomorgado.com/
更多 Read more about：Topiaris Landscape Architecture