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Weimar Group: This is a cultural center that has come slowly from history, combining a sense of historical sedimentation and a diversified outlook for the future, and continuing the spirit of Oriental aesthetic. It is a deep integration of landscape and culture and will become our emotional sustenance even though without emphasizing.
The project is located in Jiangnan, which is known as the “hometown of gardens”, and sits in Wenzhou, a city of mountains and water, across the river from Fort Yongchang, where the site is an important cultural and tourist attraction in Longwan District. The Fort Yongchang Cultural and Arts Centre, will be the future cultural arts centre of the Longwan Tourism Scenic Area, in addition to serving as a temporary sales centre in the early stages of planning and design for the next few years.
▽场地与永昌堡的位置关系 Position relationship between the site and Fort Yongchang
The Fort Yongchang across the river, more than 400 years old, was once an anti-Japanese fortress in the Ming Dynasty, a national key historical heritage conservation unit and a patriotic education base, with high historical and artistic value, it is the city’s memory. In view of this historical and cultural background, what elements should a new cultural complex have?
▽项目思考动图 Project conception GIF
As a cultural medium also a new permanent urban landmark, the center links the city to the waterfront park, is going to be a window to the image and culture of the city. In addition to a good image presentation, openness, inclusiveness and a functional embodiment from the inside out are also indispensable. The designer hopes that it will combine these characteristics to connect history and the future in an oriental manner.
▽场地格局素模 Layout diagram
▽设计灵感东方雅集 Design inspiration of House Hill Elegant Gathering
平衡社会价值与经济价值 Balancing social and economic values
The Culture and Art Center will accommodate visitors from all over the world in the future. So the landscape design need to satisfy the basic function of gathering and distributing, to create a display image with a strong identity, to activate the emotional connection between people and the city, and to create a culture memory point of Wenzhou.
▽用于营销展示时文化中心 Temporary culture center for marketing exhibition
▽文化中心开放后的效果图 Cultural Centre after opening
Poly Culture and Art Center covers theater, cultural exhibition, historical exhibition, public activities and tourist service center. Considering the complexity of functions, the landscape design needs to balance the overall effect of the public space between the temporary exhibition period and the future Culture and Art Center from the beginning, and the design of the central courtyard plays the role of a public node. After opening in the future, The traditional enclosed garden courtyard will be liberated and become a public open space for the city and society.
The challenge is that the project is developed in phases and within the limited space available, the designer has to balance the subtle relationship between public space and marketing and reception displays, while at the same time enabling the site to connect to the various future ports of space. Unlike temporary display landscapes, the design of a large integrated site project often requires the designer to face the unclear boundaries of the project’s design scope brought about by the phased development, requiring the designer to anticipate the future functional use of the site and lay out the site in advance. Weimar has therefore carried out a comprehensive analysis and planning of the project, including the layout of the space and the demand for pedestrian flow, the allocation and presentation of the site, well in advance of the architectural intervention. High coordination of multiple parts also allowed for a high degree of unity in the architectural landscape and interior style, resulting in a centralised cultural complex.
▽与景观风格高度统一的室内空间 Interior space highly unified with landscape style
延续东方美学的屋山 House Hill is a continuation of Oriental Aesthetics
For the consideration of cultural locality, Weimar focused on the situational expression of the landscape at the beginning of the design, and thought about how to create a permanent “characteristic landmark culture” in the region? How to design the moving line of the visitors to make the project talk with the fort across the river, and link the city memory in the project?
▽入口粗糙的墙体沿用古堡肌理，与永昌堡遥相呼应 The rough texture walls at the entrance echoing the Fort Yongchang from afar
How to rebuild the contemporary new literati landscape with natural interests and rules besides the conventional landscape design, and then continue the new ideas of Jiangnan gardens? Combining oriental design aesthetics to explore a new model of public cultural life in the future, and activate the emotional connection between people, space and the city?
House Hill extracts the traditional architectural eaves style of the ancient fort, and the space skillfully uses the eaves to outline an interesting experience of watching pine, climbing high and looking far, and changing scenery step by step. The design here does not excessively pursue decoration and embellishment. It is rough and powerful, just like the freehand expression in traditional landscape painting, reflecting strong modernity and storytelling.
▽屋山如其名，呈现传统建筑屋面形态 House Hill presents the form of traditional building
The gentle slope design similar to the roof opens a three-dimensional space for urban parks, provides more public activity places for people, and provides efficient and convenient fire evacuation for the personnel intensive spaces.
The different heights make clever use of the viewpoints of the space, interspersed with viewing platforms for one or two people only, both as a transition space for passage and as a resting place for pedestrians to stop briefly and look away. The space is small but can also meet practical functions.
▽屋山一角容膝 A corner of the House Hill
▽水流顺势而下，模拟自然效果 The water flows down the trend to simulate the natural effect
With House Hill as the background and an arc-shaped landscape corridor bridge above the water surface of the central garden as the foreground, an ink painting is rendered. Step on the stone bridge and enter the courtyard, step by step. The focus in front of us has become a canyon landscape of mountains, rivers and waterfalls, restoring the vertical and horizontal gullies, and the mountain effect of strange pines and rocks, just like the a famous painting of the Northern Song Dynasty.
▽山水叠瀑景观 Landscape cascade waterfall
The design extracts the heavy ancient fort elements and graceful Jiangnan style, and successfully puts the aesthetic and freehand Chinese garden into this open site. The combination of marketing reception and exhibition space and public distribution square space makes the site possible to become a “public active point”. These spaces become the center of display and distribution, attracting different groups to come and stage an “Oriental Elegant Gathering” here, It breaks the traditional stereotyped and exaggerated form of cultural tourism center.
It can be predicted that the truly open courtyard will play the role of a public node, turning the traditional fast-moving visitor center into a popular, inclusive, stay and gathering space, which can fully reflect its economic value and mobilize its social value.
▽文化艺术中心庭院空间 Central courtyard of Culture and Art Center
▽文化艺术中心总平面图 Master plan of Culture and Art Center
Project Name: Poly Fort Yongchang Culture and Art Center
Developers: Poly Developments & Holdings
Landscape Design: Weimar Group Shanghai Department B
Architectural Design: SHUISHI
Interior Design: Beijing Purple’s Design（http://www.purplesdesign.com/）
Construction Drawing design: Shanghai Desen Aechitectural Design Co.Ltd (https://www.desen-sh.com/home/about/index.html)
Project Location: Wenzhou, Zhejiang
Opening Time: December 2021
Landscape Area: 5949㎡
Photography team: chili shine
审稿编辑 任廷会 – Ashley Jen
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