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JIUYUAN INTERNATIONAL, CHINA VISIONARY：In the context of urban renewal nationwide, Lejie Community in Economic Development District, Guiyang, which covers an area of 11.5 hectares, seems to be considerable in size, but it is like a drop in the ocean among the 170,000 old communities to be renovated in China. Many of the common problems in older neighborhoods, such as infrastructure and public services are found in this community of 2,851 families. In the process of urban development of the city, how to upgrade the site by design means, solve the key problems, activate the community and create unique social value for the community, and bring the residents a sense of security, happiness and gain, so as to have a decent life in the present living environment and awaken the cohesion between residents is our constant attitude towards each old community.
项目背景 Project background
Lejie Community is close to Metro Line 1, with convenient transportation and complete surrounding large-scale service facilities. Although there are botanical gardens, parks and other green spaces around, there is no green space for rest within 200m. The garden to be reconstructed is located in the core area of Lejie community. Due to the local rainy climate, the central site is old and seriously damaged, and the environment is dirty and messy, so it can not be connected with other areas visually. There are some problems that need to be solved urgently, such as insufficient safety in use and affecting the overall beauty of the community.
▼区位分析 Location analysis
▼场地现状 Site status
为真实的社区营建 Building for real communities
As a government-led urban renewal project, the design must first meet the basic needs of harmony, stability and environmental governance, while incorporating creativity. As the main participants in community activities, residents are also the starting point of all design goals and needs, and the core of the whole renovation work is “serving users”. Taking the crowd as the starting point, designers explore the site demand by carrying out residents’ questionnaire survey and residents’ council meeting. At the same time, the designer “investigates” the site at different times every day, and analyzes the problems in the site in this “immersive” way. Through subtle observation and recording, we have a more intuitive understanding of the activity tracks and methods of different ages, genders and occupations.
▼居民议事会现场 Residents council
▼调查分析（人群、光照、场地）Investigation and analysis (crowd, lighting, site)
According to the initial functional division of the landscape, the residents’ feedback is obtained through the preliminary investigation and analysis. It shows that children at different growth stages, young people who have entered the society and the elderly who enjoy life after retirement are the main groups of activities in Lejie community. Running and playing, walking and relaxing, singing and playing musical instruments… They have their own needs in the common public space, but they can’t take their own due to environmental constraints.
Through light intervention in the community, we create a square dance space, a quiet space for the elderly or individuals who want to be alone, a fitness area for the elderly, a children’s activity and care area, a science popularization exploration area for children of higher age, a planting area, etc. Make the original deserted space recognized by the city and improve the living environment of residents.
▼调研结果：居民意见 Results: Residents’ opinions
▼调研结果：居民诉求 Results: Residents’ demands
改造策略 Transformation strategy
Based on the preliminary observation and the results of interviews with residents, People with different hobbies and ages have different needs, so a single functional strategy can not be used to design the space. When distributing landscape sites, the designer hopes to maximize the demands of users, fully respect the existing ecological environment of the community, break the restrictive conditions and put more emphasis on the updating and combing of the existing scenes without interfering or changing users’ activity areas and behavior habits. For decades, the symbolic elements and cultural symbols left in people’s memory in Lejie community have been transformed and given a new way of existence under design considerations.
The “Motherly algorithm” proposed in the field of Product R & D in 2016 ，adhering to the concept of serving end users，anticipates before users put forward their demands, and provide users with the most appropriate products. Gather the strengths of city district, street departments, neighborhood committees, residents etc., using the working method of “maternal love thinking”, take the promotion of residents’ happiness as the first priority, renew this community public space in the old urban area, and make every effort to create a model of people-centered community landscape, so as to cope with the challenges of “Fading cultural memory in the old city area and potential safety hazards in use” brought about by rapid urbanization，which will inspire co-existence and positive lifestyles for all, creating more prosperous and vibrant new urban communities.
保留文化记忆，最大化的利旧 Preserve culture and Make use of old resources
Different from large-scale demolition and reconstruction, numerous cultural memory points on the site are maximally preserved. Due to lack of maintenance, the original irregular pool was filled with sewage and silt, which does not form an ecological connection with the surrounding areas. Based on the local rainy climate of Guiyang, the designer rebuilt it into an environment-friendly ecological rainwater garden, eliminating potential safety hazards and making the site more ecologically inclusive. At the same time, the original broken bluestone slabs in the site also provide the possibility of recycling old materials. In the later period, it was used as the decorative material for the pool wal of the rainwater garden, and this kind of pavement with good quality and precipitated the memory of the past became a landscape in the transformed garden.
▼雨水花园改造前后对比 Comparison of rainwater garden before and after renovation
There is also a concrete pavilion with good texture in the site. Some simple repairs and renovations are carried out, and added a small square connecting both ends of the pavilion frame，which increases a good place for residents to spend their leisure time. At the same time, the landmark sculpture of the square and a traditional stone arch bridge with classical garden charm across the rain garden are preserved, which adds cultural heritage to the site. Considering the strong illumination, the residents of the community have a great demand for shade, and many sycamores on the site have also been preserved.
▼廊道改造前后对比 Comparison of corridor reconstruction before and after
亲近自然的社区 A community close to nature
The rainwater garden incorporates the concept of Sponge City and installs simple rainwater devices on the premise of cost control, so as to meet the ecological needs and provide abundant water for various biological communities in the green space. Natural planting infiltrated into the site, and a large number of plant communities create a living environment close to nature.
▼自然化种植 Natural planting
Combined with the needs of the crowd and site conditions, the plastic sports track are set around to provide a safe and efficient sports venue. A runway connects seven activity spaces in series, and ensures barrier-free passage in the park. The gentle breeze slowly brings a sense of comfort to the sports people, making the space under the forest more rhythmic.
▼跑道铺装色彩明亮，与绿植形成鲜明的对比 The sharp contrast between the color of the paving and the green plants
There are many play and popular science exploration areas set up for children of different ages, such as brightly colored children’s facilities, which are combined with fun paving to awaken the memory of childhood games, so that children find exclusive play and exploration space, which is safe and full of child interest. Long benches also provides sufficient waiting space for parents.
No matter when and who can find their own world here, they can enhance the relationship between neighbors. Social dance, square dance, music communication, entertainment and physical and mental chess, etc. the transformed landscapes that really integrated into people’s life.
▼儿童游乐增加探索未知的互动 Explore the unknown interaction
▼社区居民的交流场所 A place for the community to communicate
▼花园一角沉浸在音乐世界的老人 An old man in a corner of the garden immersed in the world of music
▼儿童区域设置家长看护场所 A place for parental care in the children’s area
▼运动健身场地 Sports and fitness area
人人共享的社区花园 A shared community garden
As a participant in the whole process from beginning to end，designers do not design according to self-imagination, but engaging real users in the design and participate in the development after operation and maintenance delivery. As the project was delivered, the designers worked with community managers to host community events where people could learn how to make the most of the transformed space. By carrying out activities, organizing interactions between residents, so as to stimulate the the greater possibility of micro-renewal, experiencing the space in a new way, and exploring the vitality of the sustainable development of the new community.
▼社区活动组织起居民之间的互动 Community activities organize interactions between residents
后记：设计师说 Afterword: Designer says
This project has received strong support from the government and society, which not only improves the sense of acquisition and happiness of residents in old urban areas, but also affects the new methodology of urban renewal to a wider range. Compared with traditional real estate projects, the biggest highlight in the design of this garden is not the finished effect, but the degree of participation of the designer. At the initial stage of the design, the new public space was shaped through residents’ consultation meetings and the designer’s advocacy of public participation, which achieved satisfactory results for all parties. In addition to the use of community residents, the community garden also welcomes the participation of those from the surrounding community. The open space has also become a tourist attraction around Guiyang and at the provincial level, leaving a unique historical mark in the continuous development of urban renewal. It carries the ancient memory of Guiyang and continues to grow under the premise of maintaining ecology.
Project Name: Reconstruction of central garden in Lejie community, Guiyang
Completed Year :2021
Location: Lejie Community, Guiyang city, Guizhou Province
Design company: Jiuyuan International Architectural Consulting Co., LTD
Chief designer: Zhang Jian
Design team: Hou Jilai, Zhao Yuanyang, Yu Zhonghang, Kang Yanqiang,
Client: Guiyang Economic Development Zone, Guizhou Province
Text by: mooool
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