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LEDA Landscape: This project is located in Futian Village, Gaoqiao Town, a small village at the foot of Emei Mountain, with the backdrop of mountains and forests and a distant view of the golden summit of Emei Mountain. In this 2, 000-acre rural environment, the undulating farmland and dense alpine forest are like the “fingerprints” of the nature. The fish pond called” Sanwan Datang” by the local residents，is embedded in the texture of the land, and together with the local village dwellings, they form the original countryside of western Sichuan that we have long sought in the mental world，but there is obviously some vitality missing here.
In 2019, the developer EVERBON Group, with its love and respect for this countryside, and with the policy support of rural revitalization and the development advantages of World Ecological Recreation Core Area in Emei, aims to maximize the preservation of the rustic village countryside on the basis of the local rural landscape, to bring the native and natural countryside back to life and vitality, and present a brand new image of the countryside for people. The ultimate goal of this project is to create a rich rural industrial cluster based on the rural Futain Village landscape. The design therefore requires an in-depth understanding of the countryside, addressing and changing it from its “roots”, design based on the original site, to connecting the rural landscape with the people, and involving the rural residents in the revitalization of the countryside.
1.现状和设计策略 ｜Status analysis and design strategy
Like tens of thousands of ordinary villages in China, Futian Village was once distanced from the wave of urbanization. In the state of urban culture and economic development, this village of more than 1333,400 ㎡ existed like a hollow village, with an exodus of population, abandoned land and only the elderly and children left behind, resulting in withered industries, discontinuity cultural, and a messy environment. The reconstruction of the rural landscape is extremely special. Under the current situation, the development of the village is stagnant, backward and poor. The owner has reached a consensus with us on the creation of the rural landscape, that is, the rural landscape is not simply piling up the vernacular materials, nor an exaggerated display of skills, but rather a restoration of the real natural image of the countryside, bringing new life, attracting new villagers, and fundamentally bringing change to Gaoqiao.
▼场地现状-大面积土地荒废，农田闲置，环境较差，缺乏乡村应有的山清水秀 Current situation of the site-a large area of land is abandoned, farmland is idle, the environment is poor, and the countryside lacks the beauty of the mountains and rivers
▼村落印象-人口外流，大部分为老人和小孩留守乡村 Village impression-population exodus, mostly young and old
The designers planned and integrated the existing resources from three major plates: fish ponds, farmland and streams， to reshape a native and natural” lake- field-stream” rural landscape pattern, connected the lost vitality space point by point. At the same time，the increased supporting service points depending on the type of industry also brought opportunities for villagers to participate in the construction and operation.
▼设计理念-地块属性的延续 Design concept-continuation of land property
2.自然主义的乡村体验｜Rural Experience of Naturalism
Recreating the native natural countryside landscape such as streams, hills, farmland and orchards，looking up to see the Mount Emei Golden Summit, the beautiful natural environment has a calming energy that soothes anxiety.
The fish pond – Sanwan Datang has been retained, and its landscape has been improved by storing water to form a lake. Ecological treatment is adopted to improve the water quality of the lake, so that fish、aquatic plants、microbiota in the lake form an ecological self-purification system, thus carrying out ecological restoration of the water body, forming a natural lake area, while meeting the standards of the paddy field irrigation water source.
▼水天一色，雪山倒映 Future Ideal Version of Gaoqiao Town
▼丰富的水生植物净化水质 Abundant aquatic plants purify water quality
In order to present the natural beauty of the countryside, the design solution includes trimming the grassy slope of the lakeside, decorating the waterfront with natural grass slope, and creating the countryside floral atmosphere with meadow-type flower border. As well as covering hills with seasonal herbaceous flowers, and combining micro-topography with large areas lawns and stones, it shows the harmony between nature and art, deducing the unique romantic color of the countryside.
▼草坡驳岸的自然草甸式乡野花镜 Natural meadow-style rural wildflower mirror with grass slopes and banks
▼与场地置石形成自然乡野景观 Set rocks with the site to form a natural rural landscape
The scenic trail along the stream winds around the woods and mountains to form a beautiful shape, which reveals the rural texture like the original country road.
▼随地形溯溪而上的游步道 A walking trail that goes up the stream with the terrain
▼高山小溪鸟瞰前后对比 Before and after bird’s eye view of mountain stream
In view of the garbage that can be seen everywhere in the mountain stream, the designer cleaned the stream on the basis of the original site, and at the same time kept the existing and wild forest to the greatest extent, replanted forest trees, afforested the bare ground, increased colorful tree species, and sorted out the rocks on the bank of the stream, so as to design a viewing trail along the stream and provide people with a space for near-water activities here. and finally, the stream was combined with wildflower border to present a stream full of natural wildness.
▼最大程度的保留了现状岩石和野境林木 The current rocks and wild forests are preserved to the greatest extent
▼梳理乔木，补栽地被覆盖裸露的地面 Groom the arbor and cover the bare ground with the replanting ground
After light intervention, the pebbles on the creek banks eliminated the sense of alienation and invited people to walk into the creek to get close to nature. There are more people playing in the water in the creek, and the villagers environmental awareness has improved. In summer, it must be the most lively season for the creek, with adults taking children to play in the shallows for fish、camping and picnicking, and full of laughter in the mountains and fields.
▼溪流吸引着越来越多的周边城市居民前来游玩体验 The combed tracing attracts more and more urban residents to come and experience
▼让孩童接触最本原的乡野趣事 Let children get in touch with the most primitive rural fun
▼结合蜿蜒溪流一侧的林间设计露营帐篷 Design a camping tent on the side of a winding stream
▼体验自然林间的迷途露营 Experience lost camping in the natural forest
▼人们停下匆忙的脚步，在露营帐篷歇息相谈，感受自然带来的放松 People stop in a hurry, rest in the camping tent, and feel the relaxation brought by nature
3.运营化的乡野设计｜Operational Countryside Design
A large amount of farmland is abandoned, overgrown and uncultivated is the current situation in the countryside while the main composition of people is the elderly and children those who stay in the village basically have no income, and the main source of income for families was created by young people working in cities. The purpose of the design is to fully connect the landscape and people of the village, so that the residents of the village can participate in the revitalization and operation of the village together, thus increasing their income.
The project concentrates farmers’ fields, including abandoned farmland have been reused, The farmland ia reintegrated and rearranged by optimizing the ridges of the field, planting colored rice, creating a landscape of the rice grain patterns on the ground, combining with machine roads to build a landscape of field flowers, creating an ideal scene of rural life, and through light-intervention design approach, an earth landscape of the Linpan in western Sichuan is impressively presented.
▼成片的荒废农田被重新种植上水稻 Abandoned farmland was replanted with rice
▼稻田大地景观鸟瞰前后对比 Before and after bird’s eye view of the rice field landscape
The irregular natural texture of the paddy field extends down from the foot of the distant mountain. Walking into the fields at the proper season, raking field and planting rice seedlings, harvesting rice, and experiencing farming for yourself is the best way to respect the life of the original village. It attracts more and more” new villagers” to come here for sightseeing experience or to stay… The large fields of colored rice are managed by local residents, bringing them more labor income.
▼返聘当地的村民，为他们带来更多的劳动收益 Re-employ local villagers and bring them more labor income
▼彩色稻田带来越来越多观光体验的游人 Colorful rice fields bring more and more tourists who have sightseeing experience
▼游人来参与感受农创耕作的乐趣 Feel the fun of farming
Patches of egrets have flown back to Futian, and long-lost fireflies have re-lit the night sky. With wild pastoral on one side and green hills on the other, the natural and human ecology of the countryside is rejuvenated here.
Not far from the terraced fields，the ” Field flavor ” restaurant transformed from an old cottage, which nestled between a lotus pond and vegetable garden. The food is sourced from the surrounding rice paddies and vegetable fields, providing people with an authentic flavor of the fields. Above the wild slope sits the “EVERBON geometric coffee”, a house with green tiles and wooden rafters, the foundation of which is raised by wooden piles and its texture blends into the surrounding nature. As the first open area of the town, the visitor center is located between the mountains and rivers, like rustic country living room, with footpaths and viewing platforms designed along the revetment, welcoming travelers and homecoming from all over the world.
The visitor center, coffee shop and the ” Field flavor ” restaurant that three supporting service points, all have Local residents for participation. Many people who work in city and people from nearby villages have come back and applied for jobs over here, they are happy to have such jobs. Some of them come to work as baristas, some as waiters, some as restaurant chefs, countryside is getting livelier and livelier. The quality of the residents has improved a lot and they are starting to pay more attention to protecting their homes. It’s the people themselves who are making the countryside truly vibrant again.
▼修旧如旧的“田间本味”餐厅 Restoration of the old “Tianma Benwei” restaurant
▼周边的稻田菜地提供了地道的田园美味 The surrounding rice fields and vegetable fields provide authentic pastoral delicacies
▼青瓦木椽的几何咖啡厅 The geometric cafe of the blue roof and wooden rafters
▼被草甸包裹的咖啡厅 A cafe wrapped in a meadow
▼咖啡厅为返乡的村民提供了更多的工作机会 The coffee shop provides more job opportunities for returning villagers
▼旅居中心 The geometric cafe of the blue roof and wooden rafters
▼旅居中心摆放着琳琅满目的农创、文创产品，带动村民经济收入 The sojourn center is equipped with a dazzling array of agricultural and cultural and creative products to drive the villagers’ economic income
The residents are also supported to bring their own agricultural products for sale in these service architecture. Of course, the main operator who also sells some agricultural and cultural products, behind each of the products cannot be separated from the technical support of the local people. The reasonable consumption of local products is attracting more and more villagers to participate and is building up their cultural confidence.
4.人与乡村共生｜Man coexists with the countryside
The continuation and development of countryside cannot be achieved without the technical support of local people. The ideal of” Peng Village Chief” of developer is to work together with the villagers to create a”symbiotic community ” in which the villagers and the group participate together, a symbiosis of indigenous people, new villagers, new farmers, craftsmen, cultural artists, etc. The introduction of culture, art and lifestyle gives the villagers more opportunities to explore and learn through agricultural cultivation , breeding production… Relying on the home-grown agricultural products, Gaoqiao has created its own agricultural creation brand. The introduction of supporting industries such as catering, B& B, and artisans workshop gives villagers and returnees the opportunity to start their own businesses, activating regional development and leading the countryside to a truly autonomous development track. Villagers harvest not only wealth, but also the cultural confidence that emanating from the bottom of their hearts.
Our ideal village is neither to move the city to the countryside, nor to return the countryside to its original appearance, but to build a new ecological and civilized living scene. In this process, we need to build a new type of rural production relationship, achieve industrial innovation by improving the landscape to attract people, create value by building industry to attract attention, and gather people with value to improve the living environment. we want to pry small and micro power, with a simple, self-sufficient way of life, to meet the basic needs of life at the same time engaged in love and good at the ideal work, to incubate small and beautiful industry, culture-based rural enterprises. To create a natural and idyllic countryside by gathering the strength of every resident.
▼高桥小镇未来理想邦 Future Ideal Version of Gaoqiao Town
Those vegetable fields and orchards have taken on a new charm after being professionally tended by the agricultural company, and the old farmers seem to have been reacquainted with the possibilities of the land when they arrived. The beauty of the countryside has raised the villagers’awareness of environmental protection and consciousness of caring for hygiene, also leaving this beauty intact continue.
The energy that grows spontaneously from the land heals people who in a complicated world. When somewhere can bring peace of mind，it becomes a refuge for heart. Not only does the Gaoqiao Town attract travelers, but it has also become a new workplace for local villagers to aspire to. The heartfelt smiles of these villagers breathing life back into this once empty nesting village.
▼当一片土地能让人心安神归时,它将治愈着纷繁世界里的人们 When a piece of land can make people feel at ease, it will heal people in the complex world
▼它还是村庄的样貌，日常而朴实 It is still the appearance of the village, daily and simple
Project name: Gaoqiao Town, Emei
Completion Year: April, 2021
Size: 2000 mu
Project location: Mount Emei, Sichuan Province
Architecture Firm: Sichuan LEDA Landscape Design Co., Ltd.
Contact e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Lead Architects: Chen Yadong
Design Team: Yu Mingfeng, Zhong Qin, Su Yixiao, Zhou Xiaoyuan, Deng Huilong, Zou Hongbang, Wen Limei, Liu Lihong, Zou Lu, Zou Lijun, Cheng Rong, Zhou Jun, Lei Dong
Developer: Sichuan EVERBON Industrial Group Co., Ltd.
Team A: Wang Fei, Sun Wensheng,Li Meng, Su Ke, Zhang Zongtao, Yang Shanli
Flower border: Chengdu Lefandijing Horticulture Co., Ltd.
Lead designer: Du Peina, Liu Yu
Hua Jing Team: Yu Jianing, Wang Qi, Wei Congning, Yang Xiaoqing, Mi Zan, Liu Yonghong
Construction unit: Sichuan Shengshuang Garden Engineering Co., Ltd.
Photographer: Fanjing photography
Copywriting planning: Mooool’s perspective interpretation, second copy editing
审稿编辑 王琪 – Maggie
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